Follow the Step-by-Step Guide to enable Two Factor Authentication for Amazon Web Services(AWS) using miniOrange Authenticator
Step 1: Configure AWS in miniOrange
- Login to miniOrange Admin Console.
- Go to Apps >> Manage Apps. Click Configure Apps button.
- Click on SAML tab. Select AWS.
- Get the SP Entity ID or Issuer from the metadata (https://signin.aws.amazon.com/static/saml-metadata.xml). You will find the value in the first line against entityID. It is set to urn:amazon:webservices but may vary for non-US regions.
- Make sure the ACS URL is: https://signin.aws.amazon.com/saml . This might vary for non-US regions in which case you would find it in metadata ( https://signin.aws.amazon.com/static/saml-metadata.xml) as Location attribute of AssertionConsumerService.
- Click on Show Advanced Settings. Against Relay State select Custom Attribute Value & enter https://console.aws.amazon.com.
- Enable Override RelayState.
- You can set another value for relay state depending on where you want to redirect user after SSO.
- Go to the Add Policy and select DEFAULT from the Group Name dropdown.
- Now enter the AWS in the Policy Name field.
- Select PASSWORD from the First Factor Type dropdown.
- Click on Save button to configure AWS.
- Click on Save to configure AWS.
- Once the App is added, click on the Metadata link, download metadata file and keep with you which you will require later.
- Keep SAML Login URL , SAML Logout URL and click on the Download Certificate button which you will required for further.
Step 2: Choose Your User Directory
2.1: Setup AD as User Directory
- Login to miniOrange dashboard from the Admin Console.
- From the left side menu, click on User Stores >> Add User Store.
- Select User Store type as AD/LDAP.
- STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION IN MINIORANGE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in miniOrange. If active directory is behind a firewall, you will need to open the firewall to allow incoming requests to your AD.
- STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION ON PREMISE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in your premise and only allow access to AD inside premises. You will have to download and install miniOrange gateway in your premise.
- Enter LDAP Display Name and LDAP Identifier name.
- Select Directory Type as Active Directory.
- Enter the LDAP Server URL or IP Address against LDAP Server URL field.
- Click on Test Connection button to verify if you have made a successful connection with your LDAP server.
- In Active Directory, go to the properties of user containers/OU's and search for Distinguished Name attribute.
- Enter the valid Bind account Password.
- Click on Test Bind Account Credentials button to verify your LDAP Bind credentials for LDAP connection.
- Search Base is the location in the directory where the search for a user begins. You will get this from the same place you got your Distinguished name.
- Select a suitable Search filter from the drop down menu. To use custom Search Filter select "Custom Search Filter" option and customize it accordingly.
- You can also configure following options while setting up AD. Enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP. Click on the Save button to add user store.
Here's the list of the attributes and what it does when we enable it. You can enable/disable accordingly.
||All user authentications will be done with LDAP credentials if you Activate it
|Sync users in miniOrange
||Users will be created in miniOrange after authentication with LDAP
||If LDAP credentials fail then user will be authenticated through miniOrange
|Allow users to change password
||This allows your users to change their password. It updates the new credentials in your LDAP server
|Enable administrator login
||On enabling this, your miniOrange Administrator login authenticates using your LDAP server
|Show IdP to users
||If you enable this option, this IdP will be visible to users
|Send Configured Attributes
||If you enable this option, then only the attributes configured below will be sent in attributes at the time of login
- Click on Save. After this, it will show you the list of User stores. Click on Test Configuration to check whether you have enter valid details. For that, it will ask for username and password.
- On Successful connection with LDAP Server, a success message is shown.
- Click on Test Attribute Mapping.
- Enter a valid Username. Then, click on Test. Mapped Attributes corresponding to the user are fetched.
- After successful Attribute Mapping Configuration, go back to the ldap configuration and enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP.
Refer our guide to setup LDAPS on windows server.
2.2: Setup miniOrange as a User Store
- Log in to miniOrange Admin Console.
- There are 3 ways to setup miniOrange as an Identity Source
Step 3: Setting SAML in Amazon Web Services (AWS)
- Login to your Amazon Web Services (AWS) Console as an admin.
- Click on Services Tab. Under Security, Identity & Compliances click on IAM (Identity and Access Management).
- From the left-hand side list, click on Identity Providers and then click on Create Provider button in the right section.
Step 4: Configure Provider in Amazon Web Services (AWS)
- In the Configure Provider, select SAML as Provider type from the drop-down list.
- Enter any Provider Name (e.g miniOrange).
- Click on Choose File button and choose a metadata file that you have already downloaded in Step 1, then click on Next Step.
- In the next screen, you will be shown your entered provider information. Verify it and click on the Create button. The SAML Provider is created and it should be listed in the Provider table.
- Now click on Roles from the left-hand side list and then click on Create role button.
- In the Create Role section, click on SAML 2.0 federation tab.
- Under Choose SAML 2.0 Provider, select the SAML Provider that you have created previously i.e miniOrange.
- After that, choose Allow programmatic access only radio option.
- Select SAML:aud option from the Attribute drop-down list.
- Enter the value as https://signin.aws.amazon.com/saml.
- Then, click on Next: Permissions button.
- Check the Policy Name AmazonEC2ReadOnlyAccess and click on Next: Tags button.
- Then, skip Step Add Tags (Optional) by clicking on Next:Preview button.
- In the next step, enter Role name and click on Create Role button.
- Click on your created role name.
- In the Summary section, click on the Trusted relationship tab and copy Role ARN and Trusted Entities value.
- Keep the values with you in comma separated format. For example- [arn:aws:iam::656620318436:role/SSORole,arn:aws:iam::656620318436:saml-provider/miniOrange]
Step 5: Add attributes for AWS
- Login to the miniOrange Admin Console.
- Then, Navigate to Apps >> Manage Apps.
- Configure the application that you have added.
- Scroll down to the Attributes section, enter the value https://aws.amazon.com/SAML/Attributes/RoleSessionName in the Attribute Name field and select E-Mail Address from the Attribute Value list.
- Click on the '+' icon besides Add Attributes to add another set of attributes and enter the value https://aws.amazon.com/SAML/Attributes/Role in the Attribute Name field, select Custom Attribute Value from the Attribute Value list and in the Custom Attribute Value, enter comma separated value that created in step 3 e.g. [arn:aws:iam::656620318436:role/SSORole,arn:aws:iam::656620318436:saml-provider/miniOrange].
- If you have configured more than one role, you can enter additional attributes for them.
Step 6: Configure 2FA for miniOrange Admin Dashboard and Amazon Web Services
6.1: Configure 2FA for miniOrange Admin Dashboard.
- From your miniOrange Dashboard in the left navigation bar, select 2- Factor Authentication, click on Configure 2FA.
- Choose any 2FA method you want to configure.
- Let's say you want to configure OTP over SMS
- Click on OTP over SMS
- Now add your mobile number on which you want to receive the OTP.
- Then click on Save.
- Now as shown in the above image, OTP over SMS is your Active 2FA method.
- Enable Prompt for second factor during signin to your console.
- Then click on Save.
- To verify the configuration login again.
- You will be asked for Username and password then it is redirected to below page:
- Enter the OTP received on the phone and click on verify.
- If you are redirected to your dashboard, you have successfully configured OTP over SMS as your 2FA method.
- Similarly you can configure rest of the 2FA methods for miniOrange dashboard by following this guide.
- To configure 2FA methods for end-users, You can find the guide here.
6.2: Enable 2FA for Users of Amazon Web Services application.
- To enable 2FA for Users of Amazon Web Services application. Go to Policies >> App Authentication Policy
- Click on Edit against the configured application
- Enable the Enable 2-Factor Authentication (MFA) option.
- Click on Save.
Step 7: Login with miniOrange
- Go to your AWS Domain. It will redirect you to miniOrange Single Sign-On Service console.
- Enter your miniOrange login credentials and click on Login.
- Since we have 2-factor authentication enabled, you will be prompted to register for it. It's a one time process.
- Configure your basic details.
- Configure any authentication method of your choice.
- After successful registration, you will be logged in to your AWS account.
- Now we have 2-factor authentication enabled.
- To verify your 2-factor authentication configuration, go to your AWS Domain. You will be redirected to miniOrange login console.
- Enter your login credentials, and click on login. It will prompt to verify yourself against the configured 2fa method.
e.g. If you have configured OTP over SMS, after login into Amazon Web Services it will prompt for OTP.
- Enter the OTP received in your phone, after successful 2FA verification, you will be redirected to the AWS dashboard.
Step 8: Adaptive Authentication with Amazon Web Services
8.1: Restricting access to Amazon Web Services with IP Blocking
8.2: Adaptive Authentication with Limiting number of devices.
Using Adaptive Authentication you can also restrict the number of devices the end user can access the Services on. You can allow end users to access services on a fixed no. of devices. The end users wii be able to access services provided by us on this fixed no. of devices.
You can cofigure Adaptive Authentication with Device Restriction in follwing way
- Login to Self Service Console >> Adaptive Authentication.
- Add a Policy Name for your Adaptive Authentication Policy.
- Select your Action for behaviour Change and Challenge Type for user from the Action for behaviour Change Section.
- Scroll down to Device Configuration section and enable Allow User to Register Device option to allow users to register their devices.
- Enter the Number of Devices which are allowed to register in field next to Number of Device Registrations Allowed
- Choose Action if number of devices exceeded (This will override your setting for Action for Behaviour Change.)
Enable option Send email alerts to Users if number of Device registrations exceeded allowed count if you want to alert the user about no of devices exceeding the limit. Save the configuration.
- Challenge: The user needs to verify himself using any of the three methods mentioned in table in step 8.1
- Deny : Deny users access to the system
8.3: Add Adaptive Authentication policy to Amazon Web Services.
- Login to Self Service Console >> Policies.
- Click on Edit option for predefined SAML app policy.
- Set your application name in the Application and select password as Login Method.
- Enable Adaptive Authentication on Policy page and select the required restriction method as an option.
- From Select Login Policy dropdown select the policy we created in last step and click on save.
How to add a trusted Device
- When End-user log in to the self service console after the policy for device restriction is on, he is provided the option to add the current device as a trusted device.
More Secure authentication with Two-Factor Authentication
The most practical way to strengthen authentication is to require a second factor after the username/password stage. Since a password is something that a user knows, ensuring that the user also has something or using biometrics thwarts attackers that steal or gain access to passwords.
Traditional two-factor authentication solutions use hardware tokens (or "fobs") that users carry on their keychains. These tokens generate one-time passwords for the second stage of the login process. However, hardware tokens can cost up to $40 each. It takes time and effort to distribute them, tracks who has which one, and replace them when they break. They're easy to lose, hard to use, and users consistently report high levels of frustration with token-based systems.
Your choice of the second factor
miniOrange authentication service has 15+ authentication methods.
You can choose from any of the above authentication methods to augment your password based authentication. miniOrange authentication service works with all phone types, from landlines to smart-phone platforms. In the simplest case, users just answer a phone call and press a button to authenticate. miniOrange authentication service works internationally and has customers authenticating from many countries around the world.
miniOrange Authenticator app is available for free from Google Play
miniOrange Authenticator app is available for free from the Apple App Store
For further details refer :