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Configure MariaDB User Provisioning

User Provisioning in MariaDB streamlines access management (IAM) & automation of your external and internal users across applications. miniOrange allows you to create, manage, & delete users access to on-premises, cloud, and hybrid apps

User Provisioning between Database and miniOrange

Here are three major parts to setting up user sync between your database and miniOrange IdP. They are as follows:

  • Part A: Adding your MariaDB Database as a External Directory in miniOrange IdP
  • Part B: Configuring Queries for User Provisioning
  • Part C: Configuring User Provisioning & Attribute Mapping

Consider the following schema for setting up user provisioning/deprovisioning. We have used this schema to illustrate how to configure the options for a simple database. You can use this example to configure your own database as a External Directory in miniOrange.

Example Setup:

Database Type MariaDB-10.4.14
Database Name Wordpress
Database JDBC URL (for MariaDB) jdbc:mysql://{server-domain}:3306/wordpress
Table where user info is stored wp_users

wp_users table description:

Column Type Description
ID bigint(20) unsigned User ID column
user_login VARCHAR Username column
user_pass VARCHAR Stores password of the user; will store default password during user creation
display_name VARCHAR Display name of user
user_email VARCHAR Email address of user

Part A: Add MariaDB Database as a External Directory in miniOrange IdP

  • Refer to steps 1-3 from this document.

Part B: Configuring User Provisioning for your Database

There are two directions in which user provisioning can be configured: Inbound (i.e. from your database into miniOrange) and Outbound (from miniOrange into your database).

Inbound provisioning deals with user import, whereas Outbound deals with user creation/deletion/update. In both cases, attribute mapping is necessary. Attribute mapping between database columns and miniOrange IdP attributes is done via a special notation. Column values are inferred by the miniOrange IdP using this notation.

  • To configure user provisioning for your database, you will first have to navigate to the External Directory section. Here, you will see the list of configured External Directories.
  • User Provisioning, Database Provisioning Edit External Directory dropdown

  • Click on the dropdown near your configured database and select Edit:
  • User Provisioning, Database Provisioning Edit External Directory page

  • This will open the edit page for your configured External Directory.
  • User Provisioning, Database Provisioning Query Strings

  • Now you are ready to configure all the required provisioning features.

1. Import Users

  • This is an example of inbound provisioning. Users are imported from the database into the miniOrange default External Directory. The attributes to be selected are specified in the attributes section of Database as a External Directory. For each attribute (except for username and password) that you want to import & map to a user in the miniOrange default External Directory, you must specify a SELECT query.
  • You do not need to specify a SELECT query for username and password column values; they are imported automatically using the column names used when setting up your database as a External Directory.
  • In the edit user store page, scroll down until you can see the option for adding database attributes.
  • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Query Strings for inbound user provisioning

  • Add as many input fields as required. For this example, we have 3 database columns - FIRSTNAME, LASTNAME, and EMAIL_ADDRESS - excluding the USERNAME and PASSWORD columns. The queries for these columns will be as follows:
  • The [ ‘##COLUMN_NAME##’, COLUMN_NAME ] notation in the query tells miniOrange that this field should be populated with the value of the column from the database, based on the unique username identifier.
  • Your configuration should look like this after you’re done adding the queries:
  • Configure Maria Database Provisioning:  Query Strings filled

2. Check Users

  • This query is used to check if a particular user already exists in the database. A user that already exists in the database will not be created again. The structure of their query should be such that it checks all the columns in the table that define a distinct user.
  • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Check Users query for database user provisioning
  • For our example, we will compare the value of the USERNAME column against the relevant field in miniOrange:
    Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Filled-in Check Users query

3. Create User

  • These queries create a user in the database whenever a user is created in miniOrange. The query should contain the appropriate column names. In this example, the password is set to a default string (that must be changed later).
  • These queries use the same notation to specify the attributes that must be mapped from miniOrange IdP to the database. This is an example of outbound provisioning.
  • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Create Users query for provisioning

  • In our example, we will sync the username, firstname, lastname, and email address of the newly created user from miniOrange to the database. We will pass a default password string (‘defaultPassword123#’) to the database:
    Filled-in Create Users query

  • In this example, the [ ‘##USERNAME##’, ‘##FIRSTNAME##’, ‘##LASTNAME##’ ] strings will be replaced by the username, firstname, and lastname values of the newly created user in miniOrange.

4. Update User

  • These queries update a user in the database whenever the relevant user details are changed in miniOrange. This is an example of outbound provisioning.
  • Update Users query for database provisioning

  • In this example, all the fields for a particular user are updated in the database when an update is triggered in miniOrange. The username value is immutable in miniOrange, hence it has been used in the WHERE clause:
    Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Filled-in Update Users query for Maria Database user provisioning

  • In this example, only those users’ details are updated, whose username is the same in both miniOrange and the database.

5. Delete Users

  • These queries delete a user from the database whenever a user is deleted in miniOrange. This is an example of outbound provisioning.
  • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: DELETE Users query for outbound provisioning

  • In this example, we will delete those users from the database whose username column value matches the username field value in miniOrange:
    Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Filled-in Delete Users query for outbound database provisioning

  • In this example, only those users whose username matches exactly in both - the database as well as in miniOrange - are deleted from the database.

Once you have filled in the required values, scroll down and click on Save to save your current configuration.

C. Configure User Provisioning & Attribute Mapping

    We have successfully set up our database as a External Directory and entered all the queries for inbound as well as outbound provisioning. Now, we must configure the user provisioning section to activate user provisioning for our database.

    1. Set your database as the default External Directory

    • Navigate to the External Directory section. You will be shown a list of all your configured External Directories. Check if you can see the External Directory you set up in Part A.
    • Click on the dropdown for your database entry, and select Make default.

    2. Navigate to the user provisioning section.

    • Select Provisioning in the left navigation.
    • From the dropdown, select Database.
    • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Attribute Mapping setup

    • You should be able to see the database attributes that we have configured in Part B. These database attributes are as yet unmapped, so the values of the ‘miniOrange Attributes’ column will be blank.
    • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Configured query attributes

    3. Map the database attributes to their respective field names in miniOrange

    • The Maria Database attributes can be mapped to 3 different types of attributes:
      • Default User Profile Attributes
      • Custom User Profile Attributes
      • Custom Attributes
    • For this example, all fields configured for our database are mapped to the Default User Profile Attributes.
    • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Default User Profile Attributes mapping

    • The list of default attributes is shown when a database attribute is mapped to a Default User Profile Attribute:
    • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: List of Default User Profile Attributes

    • Map all the required attributes to their values in the miniOrange IdP. This is how the mapping will look for our example.
    • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Default User Profile Attributes mapping list

    4. Save your configuration

    • Once you have mapped your database attributes to the miniOrange IdP attributes & enabled your desired features, you can go ahead and save this configuration. If everything is properly configured, you should see the following success message:
    • User Provisioning, Database Provisioning Save configuration success message

    5. Test configuration

    • You can test your configuration by performing one of the actions for which you have enabled the provisioning feature. In this example, we will test it by importing any of your Maria Database users into miniOrange.
    • Initially, these are the users present in the database:
    • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Maria Database users list after user provisioning settings

    • And these are the users present in miniOrange:
    • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: miniOrange initial users list

    • We will now import the users from the Maria DB into miniOrange. Navigate to Provisioning → Import Users, and select Database from the dropdown.
    • Configure Maria Database Provisioning: Import Users from Maria Database and navigate to user provisioning

    • Click on Import.
    • You can verify if the import was successful by navigating to Users → Users List

View Provisioning Reports

How to access Provisioning Reports?

  • Navigate to the Reports in the left-hand navigation pane and select Provisioning Report.
  • Provisioning Report

  • Filter the reports by specifying Enduser Identifier and Application Name criteria. Additionally, choose the desired timespan for the reports. Once done, click on the Search.
  • Search Provisioning Report

  • Alternatively, you can directly click on Search to retrieve all provisioning reports based on time without applying any specific filters.

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