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Moodle Single Sign-On SSO


miniOrange provides secure access to Moodle for enterprises and full control over access of applications, Single Sign On (SSO) into Moodle with one set of login credentials.
miniOrange SAML Single Sign on (SSO) plugin acts as a SAML Service Provider which can be configured to establish the trust between the plugin and a SAML capable Identity Providers to securely authenticate the user to the Moodle site.
If you want Moodle to acts as a SAML Identity Provider and single sign on into various SAML supported Service Providers to securely authenticate the user using the Moodle site then you need to use Moodle as IDP plugin.



Moodle as Identity Provider

Moodle is mostly used as a Service Provider (SP), but we can also use moodle as Identity Source. It is a Learning Management System, so it has all the user credentials, who have registered with the Moodle. People (Admin / Site administrator) now want to let these users log into another website/application using the Moodle credentials. In simple words, moodle users should be able to Single Sign-On into another application using moodle credentials.


Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login moodle-idp

Workflow

1. User wants to access a service provided by some other application other than moodle.

2. The Application which is configured knows where to authenticate users. It sends the authentication request to miniOrange.

3. miniOrange checks the moodle database for the user credentials, whether the user is valid or not

4. User credentials are fetched from the database.

5. Depending on the fetched result, miniOrange authenticates the user or denies the request

6. User gets access to respective Service/Application



Moodle as Service Provider

Moodle is a Learning Management System. So, users usually login to the moodle site and do their work. But in some cases, they want to SSO into the moodle site.
To perform Single Sign On (SSO), the Service Provider and the Identity Provider has to adhere to some kind of protocols like SAML, OAuth etc. In case of SAML, Service Provider is the site which user wants to access. Identity Provider is the site (kind of) where user's credentials are present. Here, the site which has user credentials is Identity Provider and the site where they want to login to is Service provider.
In this case, we will configure our Moodle site as Service Provider (SP) using miniOrange Plugin. We will use SAML protocol. Here, miniOrange will be the Identity Provider (IdP).


Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login moodle-sp

Workflow

1. User wants to access a Moodle Site

2. Moodle Site sends the authentication request to miniOrange. miniOrange checks the user credentials, whether the user is valid or not

3. miniOrange Authenticates the user

4. User gets access to the Moodle Site

miniOrange and Freshdesk Single Sign-On (SSO) integration supports the following features:


  • SP Initiated Single Sign-On (SSO)
  • IdP Initiated Single Sign-On (SSO)

Connect with External Source of Users


miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Shibboleth, Ping, Okta, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more.



Video Setup Guide



Follow the Step-by-Step Guide given below for Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO)

1. Download the plugin from moodle plugins directory and Install it in Moodle

  • Login as administrator in Moodle.
  • Go to Site Administration >> Plugins >> Install plugins.
  • Install the plugin from downloaded ZIP package or from Moodle Plugins Directory.
  • After Installation Go to Site Administration >> Plugins >> Plugins overview.
  • Then Select Additional plugins tab
  • To Configure miniOrange SAML 2.0 SSO plugin, Click on Settings link of Actions column
  • Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login go_config

  • Before configuration, Register the plugin with miniOrange.
  • Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login registration


2. Configure Moodle in miniOrange

  • Login into miniOrange Admin Console.
  • Go to Apps and click on Add Applicaton button.
  • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) add app

  • In Choose Application Type click on Create App button in SAML/WS-FED application type.
  • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) choose app type

  • Search for Moodle in the list, if you don't find Moodle in the list then, search for custom and you can set up your application via Custom SAML App.
  • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) manage apps

  • Enter the metadata which we get from the moodle SAML SP Plugin (Identity Provider section of the plugin)
  • Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login app_configure

  • Scroll down to the Add Policy section. Enter the required information
  • Click on SAVE.
  • From the list of all apps present, look out for the app which you configured. Under Action column, click on Select and choose Metadata
  • Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login metadata_link

  • You will get three sections contianing Metadata. When you are using miniOrange as IdP, you need to take metadata present in first section, Named as Information Required to set miniOrange as IDP
  • Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login idp_metadata

  • You need to enter this metadata, which we got from moodle application, in the Service Provider section of the plugin
  • Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login configuration

  • Now, click on the the Test Configuration button. Below screenshot shows the successful result.
  • This screenshot shows the attributes that are received and are mapped by attribute mapping.

  • Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login testconfiguration

3. Go to Role/Attribute Mapping Tab And fill in all the fields

  • Attribute Mapping :
    • Attribute Mapping is used by the Identity Provider(IdP) and the Moodle group(SP) to map user information from IdP to SP.
    • Attribute Mapping helps you to get user attributes from your IdP and map them to Moodle user attributes.
    • Attributes received in successful Test configuration are used for Attribute Mapping.
    • In Attribute Mapping details like username and NameID as shown in step 3 of Test Successful are mapped to Username and Email respectively.
    • While auto registering the users in your Moodle group these attributes will automatically get mapped to your Moodle user details.
  • Role Mapping :
    • Moodle plugin assigns roles to groups which are mapped against those groups.
    • Moodle uses a concept of Groups, designed to give the site owner the ability to control what groups can and cannot do within the site.
    • In Role Attribute enter the Attribute Name given against role value of Test Configuration for the user.
    • Role mapping helps you to assign specific roles to users of a Moodle group from your IdP.

Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login mapping_moodle

4. Configure Single Sign-On Settings

There are different ways to login to your Moodle Website

  • Login Button Text make your organization's SSO easy for Moodle users to recognize.
  • You also have option to disable your Moodle login by clicking Disable Moodle Login checkbox if you have enable a Single Sign-On plugin.
    (If disable your Moodle Login all users will be redirected to IdP for login.)
  • Enable backdoor checkbox allows Administrators to bypass external authentication and log in with a Moodle administrator using user name annd password.Note: that a logged-in user cannot access this page only an administrator could.

  • Moodle Single Sign On (SSO) Moodle Login sign_on_moodle

5. Configure Your User Directory (Optional)

miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Okta, Shibboleth, Ping, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more. You can configure your existing directory/user store or add users in miniOrange.



  • To add your users in miniOrange there are 2 ways:
  • 1. Create User in miniOrange

    • Click on Users >> Add User.
    • Moodle VPN 2FA : Add user in miniOrange

    • Here, fill the user details without the password and then click on the Create User button.
    • Moodle MFA: Add user details

    • After successful user creation a notification message "An end user is added successfully" will be displayed at the top of the dashboard.
    • Moodle Two-Factor Authentication: Add user details

    • Click on On Boarding Status tab. Check the email, with the registered e-mail id and select action Send Activation Mail with Password Reset Link from Select Action dropdown list and then click on Apply button.
    • Moodle 2FA: Select email action

    • Now, Open your email id. Open the mail you get from miniOrange and then click on the link to set your account password.
    • On the next screen, enter the password and confirm password and then click on the Single Sign-On (SSO) reset password button.
    • Moodle Multi-Factor Authentication: Reset user password
    • Now, you can log in into miniOrange account by entering your credentials.

    2. Bulk Upload Users in miniOrange via Uploading CSV File.

    • Navigate to Users >> User List. Click on Add User button.
    • Moodle 2FA: Add users via bulk upload

    • In Bulk User Registration Download sample csv format from our console and edit this csv file according to the instructions.
    • Moodle Two-Factor authentication: Download sample csv file

    • To bulk upload users, choose the file make sure it is in comma separated .csv file format then click on Upload.
    • Moodle 2FA : Bulk upload user

    • After uploading the csv file successfully, you will see a success message with a link.
    • Click on that link you will see list of users to send activation mail. Select users to send activation mail and click on Send Activation Mail. An activation mail will be sent to the selected users.
  • On miniOrange dashboard left side menu, click on User Stores >> Add User Store.
  • Moodle 2FA: Configure User Store

  • Select User Store type as AD/LDAP.
  • Moodle 2FA: Select AD/LDAP as user store

    1. STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION IN MINIORANGE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in miniOrange. If active directory is behind a firewall, you will need to open the firewall to allow incoming requests to your AD.
    2. STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION ON PREMISE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in your premise and only allow access to AD inside premises. You will have to download and install miniOrange gateway in your premise.
    3. Moodle Two-Factor Authentication : Select ad/ldap user store type

  • Enter LDAP Display Name and LDAP Identifier name.
  • Select Directory Type as Active Directory.
  • Enter the LDAP Server URL or IP Address against LDAP Server URL field.
  • Click on Test Connection button to verify if you have made a successful connection with your LDAP server.
  • Moodle MFA/2FA: Configure LDAP server URL Connection

  • In Active Directory, go to the properties of user containers/OU's and search for Distinguished Name attribute.
  • Moodle MFA: Configure user bind account domain name

  • Enter the valid Bind account Password.
  • Click on Test Bind Account Credentials button to verify your LDAP Bind credentials for LDAP connection.
  • Moodle MFA: Check bind account credentials

  • Search Base is the location in the directory where the search for a user begins. You will get this from the same place you got your Distinguished name.
  • Moodle 2FA : Configure user search base

  • Select a suitable Search filter from the drop down menu. To use custom Search Filter select "Custom Search Filter" option and customize it accordingly.
  • Moodle MFA/2FA : Select user search filter

  • You can also configure following options while setting up AD. Enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP. Click on the Save button to add user store.
  • Moodle MFA : Activate LDAP options

    Here's the list of the attributes and what it does when we enable it. You can enable/disable accordingly.

    Attribute Description
    Activate LDAP All user authentications will be done with LDAP credentials if you Activate it
    Sync users in miniOrange Users will be created in miniOrange after authentication with LDAP
    Backup Authentication If LDAP credentials fail then user will be authenticated through miniOrange
    Allow users to change password This allows your users to change their password. It updates the new credentials in your LDAP server
    Enable administrator login On enabling this, your miniOrange Administrator login authenticates using your LDAP server
    Show IdP to users If you enable this option, this IdP will be visible to users
    Send Configured Attributes If you enable this option, then only the attributes configured below will be sent in attributes at the time of login

  • Click on Save. After this, it will show you the list of User stores. Click on Test Configuration to check whether you have enter valid details. For that, it will ask for username and password.
  • Moodle 2FA: Test AD/Ldap connection

  • On Successful connection with LDAP Server, a success message is shown.
  • Click on Test Attribute Mapping.
  • Moodle LDAP successful connection

  • Enter a valid Username. Then, click on Test. Mapped Attributes corresponding to the user are fetched.
  • Moodle MFA: Fetch mapped attributes for user

  • After successful Attribute Mapping Configuration, go back to the ldap configuration and enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP.
  • Refer our guide to setup LDAPS on windows server.


miniOrange integrates with various external user sources such as directories, identity providers, and etc.

Not able to find your IdP or Need help setting it up?


Contact us or email us at idpsupport@xecurify.com and we'll help you setting it up in no time.



6. Test SSO Configuration

Test SSO login to your Moodle account with miniOrange IdP:

    Using SP Initiated Login

    • Go to your Moodle URL, here you will be either asked to enter the username or click on the SSO link which will redirect you to miniOrange IdP Sign On Page.
    • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) login

    • Enter your miniOrange login credential and click on Login. You will be automatically logged in to your Moodle account.

    Using IDP Initiated Login

    • Login to miniOrange IdP using your credentials.
    • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) login

    • On the Dashboard, click on Moodle application which you have added, to verify SSO configuration.
    • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) verify configuration


    Not able to configure or test SSO?


    Contact us or email us at idpsupport@xecurify.com and we'll help you setting it up in no time.



7. Adaptive Authentication with Moodle

A. Restricting access to Moodle with IP Blocking

    You can use adaptive authentication with Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) to improve the security and functionality of Single Sign-On. You can allow a IP Address in certain range for SSO or you can deny it based your requirements and you can also challenge the user to verify his authenticity. Adaptive authentication manages the user authentication bases on different factors such as Device ID, Location, Time of Access, IP Address and many more.

    You can configure Adaptive Authentication with IP Blocking in following way:
  • Login to Self Service Console >> Adaptive Authentication.
  • Add a Policy Name for your Adaptive Authentication Policy.
  • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authnetication policy

  • Select your Action for behaviour Change and Challenge Type for user from the Action for behaviour Change Section.
  • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication behaviour change


    Action for behaviour Change Options :


    Attribute Description
    Allow Allow user to authenticate and use services if Adaptive authentication condition is true.
    Challenge Challenge users with one of the three methods mentioned below for verifying user authenticity.
    Deny Deny user authentications and access to services if Adaptive authentication condition is true.

    Challenge Type Options :

    Attribute Description
    User second Factor The User needs to authenticate using the second factor he has opted or assigned for such as
  • OTP over SMS
  • PUSH Notification
  • OTP over Email
  • And 12 more methods.
  • KBA (Knowledge-based authentication) The System will ask user for 2 of 3 questions he has configured in his Self Service Console. Only after right answer to both questions user is allowed to proceed further.
    OTP over Alternate Email User will receive a OTP on the alternate email he has configured threw Self Service Conolse. Once user provides the correct OTP he is allowed to proceed further.

  • Now Enable Enable IP Restriction option from the IP RESTRICTION CONFIGURATION section to configure custom IP range.
  • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication ip blocking

  • Select the Action you want to perform if the IP address is out of the range. i.e. Allow, Challenge & Deny.
  • Specify the IP Address range for which you want above setting to reflect. You can add more than one IP Address ranges by clicking on following button +.
  • Scroll to the end and click on save.


B. Adaptive Authentication with Limiting number of devices.

    Using Adaptive Authentication you can also restrict the number of devices the end user can access the Services on. You can allow end users to access services on a fixed no. of devices. The end users will be able to access services provided by us on this fixed no. of devices.

    You can configure Adaptive Authentication with Device Restriction in following way

  • Login to Self Service Console >> Adaptive Authentication.
  • Add a Policy Name for your Adaptive Authentication Policy.
  • Select your Action for behaviour Change and Challenge Type for user from the Action for behaviour Change Section.
  • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication behaviour and challenge type


  • Scroll down to Device Configuration section and enable Allow User to Register Device option to allow users to register their devices.
  • Enter the Number of Devices which are allowed to register in field next to Number of Device Registrations Allowed
  • Choose Action if number of devices exceeded (This will override your setting for Action for Behaviour Change.)
    1. Challenge: The user needs to verify himself using any of the three methods mentioned in table in step 7.1
    2. Deny : Deny users access to the system
  • Enable option Send email alerts to Users if number of Device registrations exceeded allowed count if you want to alert the user about no of devices exceeding the limit. Save the configuration.
  • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication enable device restriction


C. Add Adaptive Authentication policy to Moodle.

  • Login to Self Service Console >> Policies.
  • Click on Edit option for predefined SAML app policy.
  • Moodle Single Sign-On (sso) edit device restriction policy

  • Set your application name in the Application and select password as Login Method.
  • Enable Adaptive Authentication on Policy page and select the required restriction method as an option.
  • From Select Login Policy dropdown select the policy we created in last step and click on save.
  • Moodle Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access save device restriction policy

    How to add a trusted Device
    1. When End-user log in to the self service console after the policy for device restriction is on, he is provided the option to add the current device as a trusted device.

External References

Related Articles:

Our Other Identity & Access Management Products