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Firebase Single Sign-On (SSO)

Firebase is the best platform for mobile application development which produces quality apps with features like app indexing, cloud messaging, remote configuration, hosting and In-app advertising. Firebase provides authentication options like backend services, easy-to-use SDKs, and ready-made UI libraries to authenticate users to your app. It supports authentication using passwords, phone numbers, popular federated identity providers like Google, Facebook and Twitter, and more. Firebase Authentication integrates tightly with other Firebase services, and it leverages industry standards like JWT, OAuth 2.0 and OpenID Connect, so it can be easily integrated with custom backend.

We will be demonstrating below how we can achieve Single Sign-On(SSO) into Firebase using one or multiple SAML 2.0 compliant Identity Provider. We will be using miniOrange cloud service to achieve this. We support all known IDPs like miniOrange, Google Apps, ADFS, Okta, OneLogin, Azure AD, Salesforce, Shibboleth, SimpleSAMLphp, OpenAM, Centrify, Ping, RSA, IBM, Oracle, Bitium, WSO2, NetIQ etc.

Connect with External Source of Users

miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Shibboleth, Ping, Okta, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more.

Follow the Step-by-Step Guide given below for Firebase Single Sign-On (SSO)

1. Configure Firebase App with miniOrange

  • Login to miniOrange Admin Console.
  • Go to Apps >> Manage Apps. Click on Add Application button.
  • Firebase Single Sign-On (SSO): add app

  • Select JWT App.
  • Firebase Single Sign-On (SSO): saml jwt app

  • Click on Firebase.
  • Firebase Single Sign-On (SSO): select firebase app

    Firebase Single Sign-On (SSO): add jwt app

  • In Add Apps tab enter the values and click on Save.
    Custom Application Name Choose appropriate name according to your choice.
    Description Add appropriate description according to your choice.
    Redirect-URL JWT Endpoint fetched from JWT in the previous step.
  • To configure App secret go to Edit against your configured app, Apps>>Select your app>>Edit
  • Firebase Single Sign-On (SSO): edit-jwt-app

    Firebase Single Sign-On (SSO): add app secret jwt

    App Secret The API Token fetched from Firebase dashboard
    Signature Algorithm Choose HS256
  • Click on Save.
  • Now, You can access Firebase Account Using IDP credentials through the Single-sign-on URL as shown in image above.

2. Configure miniOrange in your IDP

  • Copy SAML ACS URL value as given in the screenshot below. This is the login URL for miniOrange.
  • Set Entity ID/Issuer as https://login.xecurify.com/moas

3. Setup Identity Source in miniOrange

  • Login to miniOrange Admin Console.
  • Navigate to the Identity Providers tab.
  • Click on Add Identity Source button on the top right.
  • Firebase Application identity source

  • The following configuration settings need to be done:
    IdP Identifier Unique Identifier for the Identity Source. This unique identifier has to be sent from Firebase in request to miniOrange. This attribute is used to distinguish between different IDPs.
    IdP Display Name Display Name for the Identity Source.
    SAML SSO Login URL SAML SSO Login URL. It is mapped to the SingleSignOnService element in the metadata.
    IdP Entity ID It is mapped to the EntityDescriptor element in the metadata. The entityID value needs to be used.
    X.509 Certificate It is mapped to the signing certificate for the IDPSSODescriptor for the protocolSupportEnumeration as urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:protocol. The value of the child element X509Certificate needs to be used.
  • Click on Save.

4. Send Request to miniOrange

  • In order to send request to miniOrange, a custom token needs to be formed and sent from Firebase application. This will include the identifier (configured in Step 1) of Identity Provider (e.g.ADFS) against which authentication needs to be done.
  • For cryptographic purposes, use the CryptoJS library.
  • To get the Customer ID and Token Key, the following steps need to be performed:
    1. 1) Navigate to the miniOrange Admin Console.
      2) Login with the miniOrange Account credentials.
      3) Navigate to the Settings.
      4) Note down the Customer ID and Token Key.

  • The below code accepts IdPName (String) as a parameter. This parameter is the same value as configured in Step 1 which is used to distinguish different IDPs.
  • For testing purpose, create a sample html file & call the following functions on document load.
  • NOTE: You need to replace the Token Key, Customer ID and Response URL for your miniOrange account and added application. Sample Javascript Code for Sending Request to miniOrange.
  • Add the following crypto JS files in your code:
    <script src="/crypto-js/3.1.2/components/core-min.js"></script>
    <script src="/components/sha256.js"></script>
    <script src="/components/enc-base64.js"></script>
    <script src="/rollups/aes.js"></script>
    <script src="/components/mode-ecb.js"></script>
    <script src="/components/pbkdf2.js"></script>
    <script src="/components/pas-nopadding.js"></script>
    function sendRequest(idpName) 
      var appSecret = "";    //miniOrange App Secret 
      var tokenKey = "";     //miniOrange Token Key of Customer 
      var customerId = "";   //miniOrange Customer ID 
      var responseUrl = "";  //Response URL (configured in Step 2) 
      var date = new Date(); 
      var currentTimestamp = date.getTime(); 
      var inputString = currentTimestamp + ":" + appSecret;
      var keyHex = CryptoJS.enc.Utf8.parse(tokenKey);
      var cipherText = CryptoJS.enc.Base64.stringify(CryptoJS.AES.encrypt(inputString, keyHex, {mode:CryptoJS.mode.ECB}).ciphertext); 
    var redirectUrl = "https://login.xecurify.com/moas/broker/login/jwt/" + customerId + "/" + idpName + "?token=" + cipherText + "&returnUrl=" + responseUrl;
    window.location = redirectUrl; } </script>

5. Modify JWT Response

  • At this point authentication with IDP should work but the user will not be logged into Firebase. When IDP sends a SUCCESS, miniOrange will send a JWT response to the Response URL(Firebase URL which will process the response). The Response URL needs to modify the JWT Response so that it is compatible with Firebase standards.
  • NOTE: You need to replace iss, sub and aud values based on your Firebase project.
  • Sample Javascript Code for modifying JWT Response :
    function modifyJwtResponse(token)
      var iss = "";        //Project's Service Account Email Address 
      var sub = "";        //Project's Service Account Email Address 
      var aud = "https://identitytoolkit.googleapis.com/google.identity.identitytoolkit.v1.IdentityToolkit"; //Required audience value
      var base64Url = token.split('.')[1]; 
      var base64 = base64Url.replace('-', '+').replace('_', '/'); 
      var decodedToken = JSON.parse(window.atob(base64));
      decodedToken['iss'] = iss; 
      decodedToken['sub'] = sub; 
      decodedToken['aud'] = aud; 
      //Base64 Encode Token 
      var encodedToken = btoa(JSON.stringify(decodedToken));
      var newToken =  token.split('.'); 
      var newJwtToken = newToken[0] + "." + encodedToken + "." + newToken[2]; 
      return newJwtToken;

  • The new token can be used to authenticate the user in Firebase using the signInWithCustomToken() function.

    	// Handle Errors here. 
    	var errorCode = error.code; 
    	var errorMessage = error.message; 
    	// ... 

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