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Salesforce Single Sign-on (SAML SSO)

Salesforce has made mandatory for all users to use MFA for their login -
Click Here to know more on Salesforce MFA policy.

Salesforce SSO or Salesforce Single Sign On solution by miniOrange allows all system users to access all authorised system resources with a single username and password, rather than having separate usernames and passwords for each resource on the network. Salesforce is a cloud-based software firm situated in San Francisco, California, United States. It offers CRM services as well as enterprise applications for customer service, marketing automation, analytics, and application development.

miniOrange SSO Solution for Salesforce heps you Login into your Salesforce application with same credentials being used for various applications. miniOrange helps you to use one federated identity to connect will all your applications along with your Salesforce CRM application using their Salesforce SSO solution. miniOrange Cloud and On-Premise solution is easy to setup. miniOrange also provides Multi factor authentication on top of SSO with your Salesforce Login with 15+ MFA methods.

Salesfoce SAML Single Sign-On (SSO) solution provides easy, secure and seamless system for identy access management by establishing a trust relationship between the Service Provider and Identity Provider (IdP). The user credentials and other identifying information are stored and managed by a centralized system called Identity Provider (IdP). Along with miniOrange IDP (Identity Provider), miniOrange provides user authentication from other User stores, external Idenitity Provider and external directories as well. Single Sign-On (SSO) integration with Salesforce org prevents users to log in separately into different applications eliminating user-managed passwords which lessens down the difficulty of remembering and entering username and password repeatedly. With the help of the given guide you can configure Salesforce easily.

Single Sign-on supported editions:

Federated Authentication All Saleforce org editions
Delegated Authentication Professional, Enterprise, Performance, Unlimited, Developer, and Database.com Editions
Authentication Providers Professional, Enterprise, Performance, Unlimited, and Developer Editions

Following are the required user permissions for Salesforce org Single Sign-on:

View SSO settings View Setup and Configuration
Edit and Modify SSO settings "Customize Application" and "Modify All Data"

You can configure Salesforce Single sign-on (SSO) to authenticate your users in following features :

  • Salesforce as Service Provider (SP)
  • Setup single sign-on (SSO) for salesforce so that your end users can log in to Salesforce with single set of credentials from any identity provider or external directory. In this scenario, the admin can setup an identity provider using Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML). You can also use Active directory (AD) or any database as Identity source.

  • Salesforce as an Identity Provider (IdP)
  • Setup single sign-on (SSO) so that your employees or members log in to any other application or any external service provider using Salesforce credentials. With this system, your salesforce account will act as a SAML identity provider and integrate with the other applications or service providers.

  • Salesforce as both Service Provider (SP) and Identity Provider (IdP)
  • Salesforce can act as SP and IdP both based on the use case and type of authentication required. You can login into multiple Salesforce orgs using credentials of other org or login to your salesforce org using any Identity source. SSO can be set up and configured between multiple Salesforce orgs to have seamless and secure acess and data security.

  • Single Logout feature
  • With this feature, you will be automatically logged out of all the applications that are connected with Idneity provider (IdP) when you log out from Salesforce org or any other app.

  • Mandate users to Login using SSO
  • Single Sign-on can make it mandatory for all users to log in using SSO. This will prevent any users from login using any other source and bypassing the login system. No users will be able to have direct login making it a streamline and secure process.

miniOrange system for Salesforce Single Sign-On or Salesforce SSO integration supports the following flows:

  • SP (Service Provider) Initiated Single Sign-On (SSO)
  • In this flow, the user tries to login to the Serivce Provider (Salesforce) directly. The request is redirected to the Identity Provider for authentication. On sucessfull authentication from the Identity provider, the user is given access to the application.

  • IdP (Identity Provider) Initiated Single Sign-On (SSO)
  • In this flow, the user logs in to the Identity Provider using his credentials. Now the user can access any of the configured Service Providers (salesforce, etc.) through the Identity Provider Dashboard without having to enter the credentials agian.

Connect with External Source of Users

miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Shibboleth, Ping, Okta, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more.

(Note - In order to do SP initiated SSO into Salesforce, you need to create a custom Domain. Check this link - Salesfoce domain changes and follow the below steps)

  • Login to your Salesforce account.
  • Go to Setup in the top-right section of page.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (sso)

  • Now in the left pane, select Domain Management.
  • Select My Domain.
  • Choose your domain name, check for availability and if available, proceed by clicking the Register Domain button.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (sso) Register domain

  • Test your domain once it is ready, by clicking the link and then click Deploy to Users.
  • Search for Company Information in the search bar.
  • Copy Organization Id. (This will be required later)
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (sso) copy organization id

Follow the Step-by-Step Guide given below for Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO)

1. Configure Salesforce in miniOrange

  • Login into miniOrange Admin Console.
  • Go to Apps and click on Add Application button.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) add app

  • In Choose Application Type click on Create App button in SAML/WS-FED application type.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) choose app type

  • Search for Salesforce in the list, if you don't find Salesforce in the list then, search for custom and you can set up your application via Custom SAML App.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) manage apps

  • Enter the following values in the respective fields.

  • Application Name Salesforce
    SP Entity ID or Issuer https://[yourdomain].my.salesforce.com/
    ACS URL https://[yourdomain].my.salesforce.com/?so=[organization_id]
    Single Logout URL https://customdomain.my.salesforce.com
    Sign Response ON

    Salesforce SSO (Single Sign-On) add IdP basic settings

  • Click Next, now in the Attribute Mapping add and configure the attributes.
  • Salesforce SSO save configuration

  • Click on Save.
  • Your application is saved successfully. Now click on the Select button against your newly created application. Go to Metadata.
  • Salesforce SSO (Single Sign-On) Select Metadata for SAML

  • On the Metadata page, click on Show Metadata Details and choose either of the two Metadata options :
    • If you want to use miniOrange as User-Store i.e., your user identities will be stored in miniOrange then download the metadata file under the heading 'INFORMATION REQUIRED TO SET MINIORANGE AS IDP'.
    • If you want to authenticate your users via any external Identity Provider (IDP) like Active Directory, Okta, OneLogin, Google, Apple ID, etc then download the Metadata file under the heading 'INFORMATION REQUIRED TO AUTHENTICATE VIA EXTERNAL IDPS'.
    Salesforce SSO (Single Sign-On) View IdP metadata

  • Then click on Download Metadata.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (sso) Download Metadata

2. Configure SSO in Salesforce Admin Account

  1. Login into Salesforce Account.
  2. Navigate to Setup > Security Controls > Single Sign-On Settings.
  3. Salesforce SSO Security control settings page

  4. On the Single Sign-On (SSO) Settings page, click Edit
  5. Salesforce SSO Edit settings

  6. Check the SAML Enabled box to enable the use of SAML Single-Sign On (SSO), then click Save.
  7. salesforce sso enable saml authentication

  8. Click New.
  9. salesforce sso saml new configuration settings

  10. Configure with the following values and Save.
  11. Issuer IDP Entity ID/Issuer in miniorange metadata
    Entity ID https://[yourdomain].my.salesforce.com
    Identity Provider Certificate Upload Certificate from miniOrange metadata
    Request Signature method RSA-SHA256
    Assertion Decryption Certificate Not encrypted
    *SAML Identity Type Assertion contains the User's Salesforce username
    *SAML Identity Location Identity is in the NameIdentifier element of the Subject statement
    *Service Provider Initiated Request Binding HTTP Redirect
    Identity Provider Login URL SAML Login URL in miniOrange metadata
    Custom Logout URL https://[yourdomain].my.salesforce.com
  12. Navigate to Company Settings -> My Domain.
  13. In Authentication Configuration window select authentication service as a miniOrange SSO.
  14. salesforce sso saml authentication configuration

3. Test SSO Configuration

Test SSO login to your Salesforce account with miniOrange IdP:

    Using SP Initiated Login

    • Go to your Salesforce URL, here you will be either asked to enter the username or click on the SSO link which will redirect you to miniOrange IdP Sign On Page.
    • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) login

    • Enter your miniOrange login credential and click on Login. You will be automatically logged in to your Salesforce account.

    Using IDP Initiated Login

    • Login to miniOrange IdP using your credentials.
    • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) login

    • On the Dashboard, click on Salesforce application which you have added, to verify SSO configuration.
    • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) verify configuration

    Not able to configure or test SSO?

    Contact us or email us at idpsupport@xecurify.com and we'll help you setting it up in no time.

4. Configure Your User Directory (Optional)

miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Okta, Shibboleth, Ping, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more. You can configure your existing directory/user store or add users in miniOrange.

  • To add your users in miniOrange there are 2 ways:
  • 1. Create User in miniOrange

    • Click on Users >> Add User.
    • Salesforce VPN 2FA : Add user in miniOrange

    • Here, fill the user details without the password and then click on the Create User button.
    • Salesforce MFA: Add user details

    • After successful user creation a notification message "An end user is added successfully" will be displayed at the top of the dashboard.
    • Salesforce Two-Factor Authentication: Add user details

    • Click on On Boarding Status tab. Check the email, with the registered e-mail id and select action Send Activation Mail with Password Reset Link from Select Action dropdown list and then click on Apply button.
    • Salesforce 2FA: Select email action

    • Now, Open your email id. Open the mail you get from miniOrange and then click on the link to set your account password.
    • On the next screen, enter the password and confirm password and then click on the Single Sign-On (SSO) reset password button.
    • Salesforce Multi-Factor Authentication: Reset user password
    • Now, you can log in into miniOrange account by entering your credentials.

    2. Bulk Upload Users in miniOrange via Uploading CSV File.

    • Navigate to Users >> User List. Click on Add User button.
    • Salesforce 2FA: Add users via bulk upload

    • In Bulk User Registration Download sample csv format from our console and edit this csv file according to the instructions.
    • Salesforce Two-Factor authentication: Download sample csv file

    • To bulk upload users, choose the file make sure it is in comma separated .csv file format then click on Upload.
    • Salesforce 2FA : Bulk upload user

    • After uploading the csv file successfully, you will see a success message with a link.
    • Click on that link you will see list of users to send activation mail. Select users to send activation mail and click on Send Activation Mail. An activation mail will be sent to the selected users.
  • Click on User Stores >> Add User Store in the left menu of the dashboard.
  • Salesforce 2FA: Configure User Store

  • Select User Store type as AD/LDAP.
  • Salesforce 2FA: Select AD/LDAP as user store

    1. STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION IN MINIORANGE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in miniOrange. If active directory is behind a firewall, you will need to open the firewall to allow incoming requests to your AD.
    2. STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION ON PREMISE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in your premise and only allow access to AD inside premises. You will have to download and install miniOrange gateway in your premise.
    3. Salesforce Two-Factor Authentication : Select ad/ldap user store type

  • Enter LDAP Display Name and LDAP Identifier name.
  • Select Directory Type as Active Directory.
  • Enter the LDAP Server URL or IP Address against LDAP Server URL field.
  • Click on Test Connection button to verify if you have made a successful connection with your LDAP server.
  • Salesforce MFA/2FA: Configure LDAP server URL Connection

  • In Active Directory, go to the properties of user containers/OU's and search for Distinguished Name attribute.
  • Salesforce MFA: Configure user bind account domain name

  • Enter the valid Bind account Password.
  • Click on Test Bind Account Credentials button to verify your LDAP Bind credentials for LDAP connection.
  • Salesforce MFA: Check bind account credentials

  • Search Base is the location in the directory where the search for a user begins. You will get this from the same place you got your Distinguished name.
  • Salesforce 2FA : Configure user search base

  • Select a suitable Search filter from the drop down menu. To use custom Search Filter select "Custom Search Filter" option and customize it accordingly.
  • Salesforce MFA/2FA : Select user search filter

  • You can also configure following options while setting up AD. Enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP. Click on the Save button to add user store.
  • Salesforce MFA : Activate LDAP options

    Here's the list of the attributes and what it does when we enable it. You can enable/disable accordingly.

    Attribute Description
    Activate LDAP All user authentications will be done with LDAP credentials if you Activate it
    Sync users in miniOrange Users will be created in miniOrange after authentication with LDAP
    Backup Authentication If LDAP credentials fail then user will be authenticated through miniOrange
    Allow users to change password This allows your users to change their password. It updates the new credentials in your LDAP server
    Enable administrator login On enabling this, your miniOrange Administrator login authenticates using your LDAP server
    Show IdP to users If you enable this option, this IdP will be visible to users
    Send Configured Attributes If you enable this option, then only the attributes configured below will be sent in attributes at the time of login

  • Click on Save. After this, it will show you the list of User stores. Click on Test Configuration to check whether you have enter valid details. For that, it will ask for username and password.
  • Salesforce 2FA: Test AD/Ldap connection

  • On Successful connection with LDAP Server, a success message is shown.
  • Click on Test Attribute Mapping.
  • Salesforce LDAP successful connection

  • Enter a valid Username. Then, click on Test. Mapped Attributes corresponding to the user are fetched.
  • Salesforce MFA: Fetch mapped attributes for user

  • After successful Attribute Mapping Configuration, go back to the ldap configuration and enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP.
  • Refer our guide to setup LDAPS on windows server.

User Import and Provisioning from AD

  • Go to Settings in the Customer Admin Account.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   miniOrange dashboard

  • Enable the "Enable User Auto Registration" option and click Save.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   Enable User Auto Registration

  • (Optional) To send a welcome email to all the end users that will be imported, enable the "Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration" option and click Save.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration

  • From the Left-Side menu of the dashboard select Provisioning.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User Sync/Provisioning

  • In Setup Provisioning tab select Active Directory in the Select Application Drop Down.
  • Toggle the Import Users tab, click on Save button.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User Sync Active Directory Configuration

  • On the same section, switch to Import Users section.
  • Select Active Directory from the dropdown and click on the Import Users tab, to import all the users from Active Directory to miniOrange.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User Sync Import Operation

  • You can view all the Users you have imports by selecting Users >> User List from Left Panel.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User List

  • All the imported users will be auto registered.
  • These groups will be helpful in adding multiple 2FA policies on the applications.

miniOrange integrates with various external user sources such as directories, identity providers, and etc.

Not able to find your IdP or Need help setting it up?

Contact us or email us at idpsupport@xecurify.com and we'll help you setting it up in no time.

5. Adaptive Authentication with Salesforce

A. Restricting access to Salesforce with IP Blocking

    You can use adaptive authentication with Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) to improve the security and functionality of Single Sign-On. You can allow a IP Address in certain range for SSO or you can deny it based your requirements and you can also challenge the user to verify his authenticity. Adaptive authentication manages the user authentication bases on different factors such as Device ID, Location, Time of Access, IP Address and many more.

    You can configure Adaptive Authentication with IP Blocking in following way:
  • Login to Self Service Console >> Adaptive Authentication.
  • Add a Policy Name for your Adaptive Authentication Policy.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authnetication policy

  • Select your Action for behaviour Change and Challenge Type for user from the Action for behaviour Change Section.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication behaviour change

    Action for behaviour Change Options :

    Attribute Description
    Allow Allow user to authenticate and use services if Adaptive authentication condition is true.
    Challenge Challenge users with one of the three methods mentioned below for verifying user authenticity.
    Deny Deny user authentications and access to services if Adaptive authentication condition is true.

    Challenge Type Options :

    Attribute Description
    User second Factor The User needs to authenticate using the second factor he has opted or assigned for such as
  • OTP over SMS
  • PUSH Notification
  • OTP over Email
  • And 12 more methods.
  • KBA (Knowledge-based authentication) The System will ask user for 2 of 3 questions he has configured in his Self Service Console. Only after right answer to both questions user is allowed to proceed further.
    OTP over Alternate Email User will receive a OTP on the alternate email he has configured threw Self Service Console. Once user provides the correct OTP he is allowed to proceed further.

  • Now Enable Enable IP Restriction option from the IP RESTRICTION CONFIGURATION section to configure custom IP range.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication ip blocking

  • Select the Action you want to perform if the IP address is out of the range. i.e. Allow, Challenge & Deny.
  • Specify the IP Address range for which you want above setting to reflect. You can add more than one IP Address ranges by clicking on following button +.
  • Scroll to the end and click on save.

B. Adaptive Authentication with Limiting number of devices.

    Using Adaptive Authentication you can also restrict the number of devices the end user can access the Services on. You can allow end users to access services on a fixed no. of devices. The end users will be able to access services provided by us on this fixed no. of devices.

    You can configure Adaptive Authentication with Device Restriction in following way

  • Login to Self Service Console >> Adaptive Authentication.
  • Add a Policy Name for your Adaptive Authentication Policy.
  • Select your Action for behaviour Change and Challenge Type for user from the Action for behaviour Change Section.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication behaviour and challenge type

  • Scroll down to Device Configuration section and enable Allow User to Register Device option to allow users to register their devices.
  • Enter the Number of Devices which are allowed to register in field next to Number of Device Registrations Allowed
  • Choose Action if number of devices exceeded (This will override your setting for Action for Behaviour Change.)
    1. Challenge: The user needs to verify himself using any of the three methods mentioned in table in step 5.1
    2. Deny : Deny users access to the system
  • Enable option Send email alerts to Users if number of Device registrations exceeded allowed count if you want to alert the user about no of devices exceeding the limit. Save the configuration.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication enable device restriction

C. Add Adaptive Authentication policy to Salesforce.

  • Login to Self Service Console >> Policies.
  • Click on Edit option for predefined SAML app policy.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (sso) edit device restriction policy

  • Set your application name in the Application and select password as Login Method.
  • Enable Adaptive Authentication on Policy page and select the required restriction method as an option.
  • From Select Login Policy dropdown select the policy we created in last step and click on save.
  • Salesforce Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access save device restriction policy

    How to add a trusted Device
    1. When End-user log in to the self service console after the policy for device restriction is on, he is provided the option to add the current device as a trusted device.

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