Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) for Apache Web Server
Apache is the web server which is most frequently used. The Apache Software Foundation (ASF) provides the Apache web server as open source and free. Numerous large platforms, respectively well-known operating systems like Linux, Unix, Windows and Novelles Network as well as many smaller ones are supported.
Apart from the basic functionality as web server the core functionality can be – due to Apache’s modular approach – easily extended with so-called modules. Potential modules are modules for the support of scripting languages like PHP (mod_php5), Perl (mod_perl), Python (mod_python) or Lua (mod_lua) for web server version 2.3 up.
miniOrange 2FA for Apache Web Server
miniOrange accomplishes this by acting as a RADIUS server, that accepts the username/password of the user entered as a RADIUS request, validates the user against the user store as Active Directory ( AD ), prompts him for theTwo-Factor authentication and either grants/revokes access based on the input by the user.
In VPN Clients that support RADIUS Challenge :
- First step is user's username & password get validated against the credentials stored in Active Directory and 2nd request sends a success response, this request is sent to validate the 2-factor authentication of the user, on successful authentication user is granted access to the application.
- Authentication methods: All Authentication methods supported by miniOrange. Software Token, Push Notification, OTP over Email to name a few.
- RADIUS Clients that support this authentication type:
-> Palo Alto
-> Pulse Secure Connect Secure SSL
-> Juniper Networks VPN
Connect with any External Directories
miniOrange provides user authentication from various external directories such as miniOrange Directory, Microsoft AD, Azure Active Directory/LDAP, AWS Cognito and many more.
Can't find your Directory? Contact us on firstname.lastname@example.org
Get Free Installation Help - Book a Slot
miniOrange offers free help through a consultation call with our System Engineers to Install or Setup Two-Factor Authentication for solution in your environment with 30-day trial.
For this, you need to just send us an email at email@example.com to book a slot and we'll help you setting it up in no time.
Follow the Step-by-Step Guide given below to configure 2FA for RD Apache Web Server
1. Add the Radius Client in miniOrange
2. Configure Apache Web Server
- Edit /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf (or equivalent path)
- Ensure LoadModule is present:
LoadModule radius_auth_module /usr/lib64/httpd/modules/mod_auth_radius-2.0.so
- Inside VirtualHost add:
# AddRadiusAuth server:port shared_secret timeout[:retries]
# Example server (change to fit your needs):
AddRadiusAuth 184.108.40.206:1812 bigsecret 60:0
# AddRadiusCookieValid time_in_minutes
AuthName "Radius Authentication"
Deny from all
Allow from 220.127.116.11
Allow from localhost
- Restart httpd:
$ sudo service httpd restart
3. Configure 2FA for Apache Web Servre
3.1: Enable 2FA for Users of Apache Web Servre app
- To enable 2FA for Users of Apache Web Servre application. Go to Policies >> App Authentication Policy
- Click on Edit against the application you have configured.
- Enable the Enable 2-Factor Authentication (MFA) option.
- Click on Save.
3.2: Configure 2FA for your Endusers
- To enable 2FA/MFA for endusers, go to 2-Factor Authentication >> 2FA Options For EndUsers.
- Select default Two-Factor authentication method for end users. Also, you can select particular 2FA methods, which you want to show on the end users dashboard.
- Once Done with the settings, click on Save to configure your 2FA settings.
3.3: Enduser 2FA Setup
- Login to End-User Dashboard using end user login URL.
- For Cloud Version: The login URL (branding url) which you have set.
- For On-Premise version: The login URL will be the same as of Admin Login URL.
- Select Setup 2FA from left panel. Then select any of the 2FA method available.
- For now, we have selected the SMS >> OTP OVER SMS as our 2FA method. You can explore the guide to setup other 2FA methods here.
- Enable the OTP over SMS if you have your phone number added under your profile section else click on Edit button.
- Enter you Phone Number along with the necessary country code and click on the SAVE button.
4. Test miniOrange 2FA setup for Apache Web Server Login
- Test by accessing the protected URL in your browser. The username of the Apache user must match the username of the user created in your miniOrange dashboard and added to the domain you have configured to authenticate against.
- You will be prompted for basic authentication.
5. Configure Your User Directory (Optional)
miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Okta, Shibboleth, Ping, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more. You can configure your existing directory/user store or add users in miniOrange.
- Click on External Directories >> Add Directory in the left menu of the dashboard.
- Select Directory type as AD/LDAP.
Enter LDAP Display Name and LDAP Identifier name.
Select Directory Type as Active Directory.
Enter the LDAP Server URL or IP Address against LDAP Server URL field.
Click on Test Connection button to verify if you have made a successful connection with your LDAP server.
- STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION IN MINIORANGE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in miniOrange. If active directory is behind a firewall, you will need to open the firewall to allow incoming requests to your AD.
- STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION ON PREMISE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in your premise and only allow access to AD inside premises. You will have to download and install miniOrange gateway in your premise.
In Active Directory, go to the properties of user containers/OU's and search for Distinguished Name attribute.
Enter the valid Bind account Password.
Click on Test Bind Account Credentials button to verify your LDAP Bind credentials for LDAP connection.
Search Base is the location in the directory where the search for a user begins. You will get this from the same place you got your Distinguished name.
Select a suitable Search filter from the drop down menu. To use custom Search Filter select "Write your Custom Filter" option and customize it accordingly.
You can also configure following options while setting up AD. Enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP. Click on the Save button to add user store.
Here's the list of the attributes and what it does when we enable it. You can enable/disable accordingly.
||All user authentications will be done with LDAP credentials if you Activate it
|Sync users in miniOrange
||Users will be created in miniOrange after authentication with LDAP
||If LDAP credentials fail then user will be authenticated through miniOrange
|Allow users to change password
||This allows your users to change their password. It updates the new credentials in your LDAP server
|Enable administrator login
||On enabling this, your miniOrange Administrator login authenticates using your LDAP server
|Show IdP to users
||If you enable this option, this IdP will be visible to users
|Send Configured Attributes
||If you enable this option, then only the attributes configured below will be sent in attributes at the time of login
Click on Save. After this, it will show you the list of User stores. Click on Test Connection to check whether you have enter valid details. For that, it will ask for username and password.
On Successful connection with LDAP Server, a success message is shown.
Click on Test Attribute Mapping.
Enter a valid Username. Then, click on Test. Mapped Attributes corresponding to the user are fetched.
After successful Attribute Mapping Configuration, go back to the ldap configuration and enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP.
Refer our guide to setup LDAPS on windows server.
User Import and Provisioning from AD
- Go to Settings >> Product Settings in the Customer Admin Account.
- Enable the "Enable User Auto Registration" option and click Save.
- (Optional) To send a welcome email to all the end users that will be imported, enable the "Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration" option and click Save.
- From the Left-Side menu of the dashboard select Provisioning.
- In Setup Provisioning tab select Active Directory in the Select Application Drop Down.
- Toggle the Import Users tab, click on Save button.
- On the same section, switch to Import Users section.
- Select Active Directory from the dropdown and click on the Import Users tab, to import all the users from Active Directory to miniOrange.
- You can view all the Users you have imports by selecting Users >> User List from Left Panel.
- All the imported users will be auto registered.
- These groups will be helpful in adding multiple 2FA policies on the applications.
miniOrange integrates with various external user sources such as directories, identity providers, and etc.
6. Creating User Groups(Recommended)
- Select Groups >> Manage Groups from left panel.
- Click on the Create Group button on the top.
- Enter an appropriate Group Name and click on Create Group.
- In this guide we have created a Group by name VPN_Group.
- Assign various members to the group using the Assign User option associated with the group in the groups list.
- Select the Users that are required to be assigned to this group. Then Select Assign to Group in Select Action Dropdown. Then click Apply.
7. Add Another Policy (Optional)
- Here, we will configure a policy for the User Group that we created in the Step 3 and associate it with the VPN Application.
- Click on Policies tab >> App Authentication Policy.
- Click on Add Policy tab.
- In Step 1 Select the RADIUS App that we configured earlier.
- In Step 2 Select the required User Group in Group Name and enter Policy name as “<Any Name>”.
- In this guide, we will configure a Password Only policy for Open_VPN group. So, only the Open_VPN group members can access VPN Services without a Second Factor.
- Admin can change the second factor of the End user from the User List.
- Under Action Click on Select and then select Change Second Factor.