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AWS Cognito Single Sign-On SSO


Single Sign-On (SSO) solution by miniOrange provides secure Single Sign-On access into AWS Cognito using a single set of login credentials. You can log into AWS Cognito using miniOrange credentials or Azure AD credentials or any of your existing identity providers. With miniOrange SSO services, along with AWS Cognito you can also login into other On-Premise and Cloud Applications using your existing Identity Providers/User Store (Azure Active Directory, Okta, Ping) credentials. Follow the given setup guide to integrate SAML SSO for your AWS Cognito account.


miniOrange and AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) integration supports the following features:


  • SP Initiated Single Sign-On (SSO)
  • IdP Initiated Single Sign-On (SSO)

Connect with External Source of Users


miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Shibboleth, Ping, Okta, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more.



Prerequisites

Follow the Step-by-Step Guide given below for AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO)

1. Configure AWS Cognito in miniOrange

  • Login into miniOrange Admin Console.
  • Go to Apps and click on Add Application button.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) add app

  • In Choose Application Type click on Create App button in SAML/WS-FED application type.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) choose app type

  • Search for AWS Cognito in the list, if you don't find AWS Cognito in the list then, search for custom and you can set up your application via Custom SAML App.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) manage apps

  • Enter the following values in the respective fields.

  • SP Entity ID or Issuer: e.g. urn:amazon:cognito:sp:<yourUserPoolID>
    ACS URL: e.g. urn:amazon:cognito:sp:<yourUserPoolID>
    Name ID: E-mail Address

    You can find your user pool ID on the General settings tab in the Amazon Cognito console.


  • Leave the Attributes section empty.
  • To upload respective app logo for a Custom SAML App, click on Upload Logo tab.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (sso) Upload Logo

  • Click on Save.
  • Go to the Add Policy and select DEFAULT from the Group Name dropdown.
  • Now enter the name for your app authentication policy in the Policy Name field.
  • Select PASSWORD from the First Factor Type dropdown.
  • Click on Save to add AWS Cognito.
  • Click on Metadata link to download the metadata which will be required later. Click on Link to see the IDP initiated SSO link for AWS Cognito.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign On (sso) metadata link

  • Keep SAML Login URL , SAML Logout URL and click on the Download Certificate button which you will require in Step 3.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign On (sso) configuration steps


2. IdP initiated SSO configuration

  • Go to Apps from the left side menu of xecurify admin dashboard.
  • Create a password less app.
    1. Enter app name
    2. Enter aws cognito SSO URL ( https://0cdeb820-b21d-46e6-9520-7e73337c204c.auth.us-west-2.amazoncognito.com/oauth2/authorize?redirect_uri=https%3A%2F%2F0cdeb820-b21d-46e6-9520-7e73337c204c.workspaces-web.com%2F&response_type=token&client_id=1kn4hjgjh95e0cs40udkep99t2&identity_provider=AmazonSSO&scope=openid%20profile%20phone%20email%20aws.cognito.signin.user.admin&state=l5s8cJpcQX2qsAxgML15r3i9nBJHrP8w) as Redirect-URL.
    3. You need to keep the app login policy for the password-less app same as the original AWS cognito SSO app.
    4. Save the app
  • Edit your original AWS cognito app and disable Show On End User Dashboard: option and save the app
  • Now go to the user dashboard section and click on the password-less AWS app to login into AWS.

3. Configure SSO in AWS Cognito Admin Account

  • Go to the Amazon Cognito console. You might be prompted for your AWS credentials.
  • aws credentials for cognito as sp

  • Choose an existing user pool from the list, or Create a User Pool.
  • create user pool aws cognito as sp

  • For creating new user pool. Enter Pool Name and select Review Defaults.
  • enter pool name aws cognito as sp

  • On the navigation bar on the left-side of the page, choose App clients under General settings.
  • Choose Add an app client and give your app a Name.
  • Clear the option Generate client secret for the purposes of this getting started exercise, as it would not be secure to send it on the URL using client-side JavaScript.
  • general settings aws cognito as sp

  • Choose Create app client.
  • Note the App client ID and choose Return to pool details.
  • app clients aws cognito as sp

  • Click on the Domain name tab of the Amazon Cognito console and add Domain Prefix.
  • add domain name aws cognito as sp

  • On the left navigation bar, choose Identity providers and then choose SAML to open the SAML dialog.
  • select saml idp aws cognito as sp

  • Under Metadata document upload a metadata document from your SAML IdP. You can also enter a URL that points to the metadata document.
  • Note: Amazon Cognito recommends that you provide the endpoint URL if it is a public endpoint, rather than uploading a file because this allows Amazon Cognito to refresh the metadata automatically. Typically metadata refresh happens every 6 hours or before the metadata expires, whichever is earlier.
  • Click on Create provider.

4. Test SSO Configuration

Test SSO login to your AWS Cognito account with miniOrange IdP:

    Using SP Initiated Login

    • Go to your AWS Cognito URL, here you will be either asked to enter the username or click on the SSO link which will redirect you to miniOrange IdP Sign On Page.
    • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) login

    • Enter your miniOrange login credential and click on Login. You will be automatically logged in to your AWS Cognito account.

    Using IDP Initiated Login

    • Login to miniOrange IdP using your credentials.
    • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) login

    • On the Dashboard, click on AWS Cognito application which you have added, to verify SSO configuration.
    • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) verify configuration


    Not able to configure or test SSO?


    Contact us or email us at idpsupport@xecurify.com and we'll help you setting it up in no time.



5. Configure Your User Directory (Optional)

miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Okta, Shibboleth, Ping, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more. You can configure your existing directory/user store or add users in miniOrange.



  • To add your users in miniOrange there are 2 ways:
  • 1. Create User in miniOrange

    • Click on Users >> Add User.
    • AWS Cognito VPN 2FA : Add user in miniOrange

    • Here, fill the user details without the password and then click on the Create User button.
    • AWS Cognito MFA: Add user details

    • After successful user creation a notification message "An end user is added successfully" will be displayed at the top of the dashboard.
    • AWS Cognito Two-Factor Authentication: Add user details

    • Click on On Boarding Status tab. Check the email, with the registered e-mail id and select action Send Activation Mail with Password Reset Link from Select Action dropdown list and then click on Apply button.
    • AWS Cognito 2FA: Select email action

    • Now, Open your email id. Open the mail you get from miniOrange and then click on the link to set your account password.
    • On the next screen, enter the password and confirm password and then click on the Single Sign-On (SSO) reset password button.
    • AWS Cognito Multi-Factor Authentication: Reset user password
    • Now, you can log in into miniOrange account by entering your credentials.

    2. Bulk Upload Users in miniOrange via Uploading CSV File.

    • Navigate to Users >> User List. Click on Add User button.
    • AWS Cognito 2FA: Add users via bulk upload

    • In Bulk User Registration Download sample csv format from our console and edit this csv file according to the instructions.
    • AWS Cognito Two-Factor authentication: Download sample csv file

    • To bulk upload users, choose the file make sure it is in comma separated .csv file format then click on Upload.
    • AWS Cognito 2FA : Bulk upload user

    • After uploading the csv file successfully, you will see a success message with a link.
    • Click on that link you will see list of users to send activation mail. Select users to send activation mail and click on Send Activation Mail. An activation mail will be sent to the selected users.
  • Click on External Directories >> Add Directory in the left menu of the dashboard.
  • AWS Cognito 2FA: Configure User Store

  • Select Directory type as AD/LDAP.
  • AWS Cognito 2FA: Select AD/LDAP as user store

    1. STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION IN MINIORANGE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in miniOrange. If active directory is behind a firewall, you will need to open the firewall to allow incoming requests to your AD.
    2. STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION ON PREMISE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in your premise and only allow access to AD inside premises. You will have to download and install miniOrange gateway in your premise.
    3. AWS Cognito Two-Factor Authentication : Select ad/ldap user store type

  • Enter LDAP Display Name and LDAP Identifier name.
  • Select Directory Type as Active Directory.
  • Enter the LDAP Server URL or IP Address against LDAP Server URL field.
  • Click on Test Connection button to verify if you have made a successful connection with your LDAP server.
  • AWS Cognito MFA/2FA: Configure LDAP server URL Connection

  • In Active Directory, go to the properties of user containers/OU's and search for Distinguished Name attribute.
  • AWS Cognito MFA: Configure user bind account domain name

  • Enter the valid Bind account Password.
  • Click on Test Bind Account Credentials button to verify your LDAP Bind credentials for LDAP connection.
  • AWS Cognito MFA: Check bind account credentials

  • Search Base is the location in the directory where the search for a user begins. You will get this from the same place you got your Distinguished name.
  • AWS Cognito 2FA : Configure user search base

  • Select a suitable Search filter from the drop down menu. To use custom Search Filter select "Write your Custom Filter" option and customize it accordingly.
  • AWS Cognito MFA/2FA : Select user search filter

  • You can also configure following options while setting up AD. Enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP. Click on the Save button to add user store.
  • AWS Cognito MFA : Activate LDAP options

    Here's the list of the attributes and what it does when we enable it. You can enable/disable accordingly.

    Attribute Description
    Activate LDAP All user authentications will be done with LDAP credentials if you Activate it
    Sync users in miniOrange Users will be created in miniOrange after authentication with LDAP
    Fallback Authentication If LDAP credentials fail then user will be authenticated through miniOrange
    Allow users to change password This allows your users to change their password. It updates the new credentials in your LDAP server
    Enable administrator login On enabling this, your miniOrange Administrator login authenticates using your LDAP server
    Show IdP to users If you enable this option, this IdP will be visible to users
    Send Configured Attributes If you enable this option, then only the attributes configured below will be sent in attributes at the time of login

  • Click on Save. After this, it will show you the list of User stores. Click on Test Connection to check whether you have enter valid details. For that, it will ask for username and password.
  • AWS Cognito 2FA: Test AD/Ldap connection

  • On Successful connection with LDAP Server, a success message is shown.
  • Click on Test Attribute Mapping.
  • AWS Cognito LDAP successful connection

  • Enter a valid Username. Then, click on Test. Mapped Attributes corresponding to the user are fetched.
  • AWS Cognito MFA: Fetch mapped attributes for user

  • After successful Attribute Mapping Configuration, go back to the ldap configuration and enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP.
  • Refer our guide to setup LDAPS on windows server.

User Import and Provisioning from AD

  • Go to Settings in the Customer Admin Account.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   miniOrange dashboard

  • Enable the "Enable User Auto Registration" option and click Save.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   Enable User Auto Registration

  • (Optional) To send a welcome email to all the end users that will be imported, enable the "Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration" option and click Save.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration

  • From the Left-Side menu of the dashboard select Provisioning.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User Sync/Provisioning

  • In Setup Provisioning tab select Active Directory in the Select Application Drop Down.
  • Toggle the Import Users tab, click on Save button.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User Sync Active Directory Configuration

  • On the same section, switch to Import Users section.
  • Select Active Directory from the dropdown and click on the Import Users tab, to import all the users from Active Directory to miniOrange.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User Sync Import Operation

  • You can view all the Users you have imports by selecting Users >> User List from Left Panel.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User List

  • All the imported users will be auto registered.
  • These groups will be helpful in adding multiple 2FA policies on the applications.

miniOrange integrates with various external user sources such as directories, identity providers, and etc.

Not able to find your IdP or Need help setting it up?


Contact us or email us at idpsupport@xecurify.com and we'll help you setting it up in no time.




6. Adaptive Authentication with AWS Cognito

A. Restricting access to AWS Cognito with IP Blocking

    You can use adaptive authentication with AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) to improve the security and functionality of Single Sign-On. You can allow a IP Address in certain range for SSO or you can deny it based your requirements and you can also challenge the user to verify his authenticity. Adaptive authentication manages the user authentication bases on different factors such as Device ID, Location, Time of Access, IP Address and many more.

    You can configure Adaptive Authentication with IP Blocking in following way:
  • Login to Self Service Console >> Adaptive Authentication.
  • Add a Policy Name for your Adaptive Authentication Policy.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authnetication policy

  • Select your Action for behaviour Change and Challenge Type for user from the Action for behaviour Change Section.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication behaviour change


    Action for behaviour Change Options :


    Attribute Description
    Allow Allow user to authenticate and use services if Adaptive authentication condition is true.
    Challenge Challenge users with one of the three methods mentioned below for verifying user authenticity.
    Deny Deny user authentications and access to services if Adaptive authentication condition is true.

    Challenge Type Options :

    Attribute Description
    User second Factor The User needs to authenticate using the second factor he has opted or assigned for such as
  • OTP over SMS
  • PUSH Notification
  • OTP over Email
  • And 12 more methods.
  • KBA (Knowledge-based authentication) The System will ask user for 2 of 3 questions he has configured in his Self Service Console. Only after right answer to both questions user is allowed to proceed further.
    OTP over Alternate Email User will receive a OTP on the alternate email he has configured threw Self Service Console. Once user provides the correct OTP he is allowed to proceed further.

  • Now Enable Enable IP Restriction option from the IP RESTRICTION CONFIGURATION section to configure custom IP range.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication ip blocking

  • Select the Action you want to perform if the IP address is out of the range. i.e. Allow, Challenge & Deny.
  • Specify the IP Address range for which you want above setting to reflect. You can add more than one IP Address ranges by clicking on following button +.
  • Scroll to the end and click on save.


B. Adaptive Authentication with Limiting number of devices.

    Using Adaptive Authentication you can also restrict the number of devices the end user can access the Services on. You can allow end users to access services on a fixed no. of devices. The end users will be able to access services provided by us on this fixed no. of devices.

    You can configure Adaptive Authentication with Device Restriction in following way

  • Login to Self Service Console >> Adaptive Authentication.
  • Add a Policy Name for your Adaptive Authentication Policy.
  • Select your Action for behaviour Change and Challenge Type for user from the Action for behaviour Change Section.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication behaviour and challenge type


  • Scroll down to Device Configuration section and enable Allow User to Register Device option to allow users to register their devices.
  • Enter the Number of Devices which are allowed to register in field next to Number of Device Registrations Allowed
  • Choose Action if number of devices exceeded (This will override your setting for Action for Behaviour Change.)
    1. Challenge: The user needs to verify himself using any of the three methods mentioned in table in step 6.1
    2. Deny : Deny users access to the system
  • Enable option Send email alerts to Users if number of Device registrations exceeded allowed count if you want to alert the user about no of devices exceeding the limit. Save the configuration.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication enable device restriction


C. Add Adaptive Authentication policy to AWS Cognito.

  • Login to Self Service Console >> Policies.
  • Click on Edit option for predefined SAML app policy.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (sso) edit device restriction policy

  • Set your application name in the Application and select password as Login Method.
  • Enable Adaptive Authentication on Policy page and select the required restriction method as an option.
  • From Select Login Policy dropdown select the policy we created in last step and click on save.
  • AWS Cognito Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access save device restriction policy

    How to add a trusted Device
    1. When End-user log in to the self service console after the policy for device restriction is on, he is provided the option to add the current device as a trusted device.

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