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Enable AWS MFA (Amazon Web Services Multi-Factor Authentication) Security


AWS MFA - AWS Multi Factor Authentication (MFA) is a process of authentication in which you have to provide two different factors to gain access to your critical resources in AWS, thereby enabling AWS MFA. The first factor is the one that you know, such as usernames and passwords (IAM user credentials). The Second factor is a dynamic, unique set of credentials on mfa device such as OTP over SMS, Email, Hardware tokens, security key, etc. This additional layer or the security key prevents any unauthorised person from accessing your resources in AWS, even if your username and passwords are compromised.

miniorange provides 15+ authentication methods and solutions for various use cases like AWS MFA. It allows iam users and organizations to set up certain authentication and settings which includes password restrictions, restricting sign-in methods, as well as other security settings. miniorange also makes way for authentication apps that support Time-Based One-Time Password (TOTP) Google Authenticator, Microsoft Authenticator, Authy 2-Factor authentication app and our own miniorange Authenticator app.

AWS MFA solution by miniOrange provides an option to integrate with multiple third-party Identity Providers which supports SAML, OAuth, etc. standard protocols. IDP here means (Okta, Auth0, Ping, Onelogin, etc) or Active Directory (AD) where your existing users are managed. Once your AWS account login is enabled with your IDP / Directory successfully, your employees or iam end users will be able to login into their AWS account and other integrated applications with the use of existing username password. IAM users will use the existing aws account credentials Given below is the setup guide to configure AWS MFA


Connect with External Source of Users


miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Shibboleth, Ping, Okta, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more.



Apps supported by miniOrange



two factor authentication (2FA) miniOrange authenticator app

miniOrange
Authenticator App

   
two factor authentication (2FA) google authenticator app

Google
Authenticator App

   
two factor authentication (2FA) authy authenticator app

Authy 2-Factor
Authentication App

   
two factor authentication (2FA) Microsoft authenticator app

Microsoft
Authenticator App

   

Follow the Step-by-Step Guide given below for Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO)

1. Configure Amazon Web Services in miniOrange

  • Login into miniOrange Admin Console.
  • Go to Apps and click on Add Application button.
  • Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO) add app

  • In Choose Application Type click on Create App button in SAML/WS-FED application type.
  • Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO) choose app type

  • Search for Amazon Web Services in the list, if you don't find Amazon Web Services in the list then, search for custom and you can set up your application via Custom SAML App.
  • Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO) manage apps

  • Get the SP Entity ID or Issuer from the metadata (https://signin.aws.amazon.com/static/saml-metadata.xml). You will find the value in the first line against entityID. It is set to urn:amazon:webservices but may vary for non-US regions.
  • Make sure the ACS URL is: https://signin.aws.amazon.com/saml . This might vary for non-US regions in which case you would find it in metadata ( https://signin.aws.amazon.com/static/saml-metadata.xml) as Location attribute of AssertionConsumerService.
  • Click on Show Advanced Settings. Against Relay State select Custom Attribute Value & enter https://console.aws.amazon.com.
  • Click Next, now in the Attribute Mapping configure the following attributes as shown in the image below.

  • AWS (Amazon Web Services) Single Sign-On (sso) Add Attribute

  • Click on Save.
  • Your application is saved successfully. Now click on the Select button against your newly created application. Go to Metadata.

  • AWS (Amazon Web Services) select metadata

  • On the Metadata page -

    1. If you want to use miniOrange as User-Store i.e., your iam user identities will be stored in miniOrange then download the metadata file under the heading 'INFORMATION REQUIRED TO SET MINIORANGE AS IDP'.

    2. If you want to authenticate your iam users via any external Identity Provider like Active Directory, Okta, OneLogin, Google, Apple ID, etc then download the Metadata file under the heading 'INFORMATION REQUIRED TO AUTHENTICATE VIA EXTERNAL IDPS'.

  • AWS (Amazon Web Services) Single Sign-On (sso) View IdP metadata

  • Then click on Download Metadata.
  • AWS (Amazon Web Services) Single Sign-On (sso) Download Metadata

2. Configure SSO in Amazon Web Services

  • Login to your Amazon Web Services (AWS) Console as an admin.
  • Click on Services Tab. Under Security, Identity & Compliances click on IAM (Identity and Access Management).
  • AWS (Amazon Web Services) MFA/2FA click on services tab

  • From the left-hand side list, click on Identity Providers and then click on Create Provider button in the right section.
  • AWS (Amazon Web Services) MFA/2FA click on create provider button

3. Configure 2FA for Amazon Web Services

3.1: Enable 2FA for Users of Amazon Web Services app

  • To enable 2FA for Users of Amazon Web Services application. Go to Policies >> App Authentication Policy
  • Click on Edit against the configured application.
  • Two factor-authentication for Amazon Web Services | Two Factor Authentication configure 2fa of application

  • Enable the Enable 2-Factor Authentication (MFA) option.
  • Two factor-authentication for Amazon Web Services | Two Factor Authentication enable 2fa

  • Click on Save.

3.2: Configure 2FA for your Endusers

  • To enable 2FA/MFA for endusers, go to 2-Factor Authentication >> 2FA Options For EndUsers.
  • Select default Two-Factor authentication method for end users. Also, you can select particular 2FA methods, which you want to show on the end users dashboard.
  • Once Done with the settings, click on Save to configure your 2FA settings.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   Configure 2FA Panel

3.3: Enduser 2FA Setup

  • Login to End-User Dashboard using end user login URL.
    • For Cloud Version: The login URL (branding url) which you have set.
    • For On-Premise version: The login URL will be the same as of Admin Login URL.
  • Select Setup 2FA from left panel. Then select any of the 2FA method available.
  • For now, we have selected the SMS >> OTP OVER SMS as our 2FA method. You can explore the guide to setup other 2FA methods here.
  • Enable the OTP over SMS if you have your phone number added under your profile section else click on Edit button.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   Configure 2FA Panel

  • Enter you Phone Number along with the necessary country code and click on the SAVE button.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   Configure Second Factor-SMS(Enter Mobile Number)

4. Test Amazon Web Services 2FA

  • Go to your Amazon Web Services Domain. It will redirect you to miniOrange Single Sign-On Service console.
  • zoom two factor authentication(2fa) user credentials

  • Enter your miniOrange login credentials and click on Login.
  • Since we have Two-factor authentication(2FA) enabled, you will be prompted to register for it. It's a one time process.
  • Configure your basic details.
  • zoom two factor authentication(2fa) user registration

  • Configure any authentication method of your choice.
  • zoom two factor authentication(2fa) add new security

  • After successful registration, you will be logged in to your Amazon Web Services account.
  • Now we have Two-factor authentication enabled.
  • To verify your Two-factor authentication(2FA) configuration, go to your Amazon Web Services Domain. You will be redirected to miniOrange login console.
  • zoom two factor authentication(2fa) verify user credentials

  • Enter your login credentials, and click on login. It will prompt to verify yourself against the configured 2fa method.
    e.g. If you have configured OTP over SMS, after login into Amazon Web Services it will prompt for OTP.
  • zoom two factor authentication(2fa) otp prompt

  • Enter the OTP received in your phone, after successful 2fa verification, you will be redirected to the Amazon Web Services dashboard.

  • Not able to configure or test MFA?


    Contact us or email us at idpsupport@xecurify.com and we'll help you setting it up in no time.


5. Configure Your User Directory (Optional)

miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Okta, Shibboleth, Ping, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more. You can configure your existing directory/user store or add users in miniOrange.



  • To add your users in miniOrange there are 2 ways:
  • 1. Create User in miniOrange

    • Click on Users >> Add User.
    • Amazon Web Services VPN 2FA : Add user in miniOrange

    • Here, fill the user details without the password and then click on the Create User button.
    • Amazon Web Services MFA: Add user details

    • After successful user creation a notification message "An end user is added successfully" will be displayed at the top of the dashboard.
    • Amazon Web Services Two-Factor Authentication: Add user details

    • Click on On Boarding Status tab. Check the email, with the registered e-mail id and select action Send Activation Mail with Password Reset Link from Select Action dropdown list and then click on Apply button.
    • Amazon Web Services 2FA: Select email action

    • Now, Open your email id. Open the mail you get from miniOrange and then click on the link to set your account password.
    • On the next screen, enter the password and confirm password and then click on the Single Sign-On (SSO) reset password button.
    • Amazon Web Services Multi-Factor Authentication: Reset user password
    • Now, you can log in into miniOrange account by entering your credentials.

    2. Bulk Upload Users in miniOrange via Uploading CSV File.

    • Navigate to Users >> User List. Click on Add User button.
    • Amazon Web Services 2FA: Add users via bulk upload

    • In Bulk User Registration Download sample csv format from our console and edit this csv file according to the instructions.
    • Amazon Web Services Two-Factor authentication: Download sample csv file

    • To bulk upload users, choose the file make sure it is in comma separated .csv file format then click on Upload.
    • Amazon Web Services 2FA : Bulk upload user

    • After uploading the csv file successfully, you will see a success message with a link.
    • Click on that link you will see list of users to send activation mail. Select users to send activation mail and click on Send Activation Mail. An activation mail will be sent to the selected users.
  • Click on User Stores >> Add User Store in the left menu of the dashboard.
  • Amazon Web Services 2FA: Configure User Store

  • Select User Store type as AD/LDAP.
  • Amazon Web Services 2FA: Select AD/LDAP as user store

    1. STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION IN MINIORANGE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in miniOrange. If active directory is behind a firewall, you will need to open the firewall to allow incoming requests to your AD.
    2. STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION ON PREMISE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in your premise and only allow access to AD inside premises. You will have to download and install miniOrange gateway in your premise.
    3. Amazon Web Services Two-Factor Authentication : Select ad/ldap user store type

  • Enter LDAP Display Name and LDAP Identifier name.
  • Select Directory Type as Active Directory.
  • Enter the LDAP Server URL or IP Address against LDAP Server URL field.
  • Click on Test Connection button to verify if you have made a successful connection with your LDAP server.
  • Amazon Web Services MFA/2FA: Configure LDAP server URL Connection

  • In Active Directory, go to the properties of user containers/OU's and search for Distinguished Name attribute.
  • Amazon Web Services MFA: Configure user bind account domain name

  • Enter the valid Bind account Password.
  • Click on Test Bind Account Credentials button to verify your LDAP Bind credentials for LDAP connection.
  • Amazon Web Services MFA: Check bind account credentials

  • Search Base is the location in the directory where the search for a user begins. You will get this from the same place you got your Distinguished name.
  • Amazon Web Services 2FA : Configure user search base

  • Select a suitable Search filter from the drop down menu. To use custom Search Filter select "Custom Search Filter" option and customize it accordingly.
  • Amazon Web Services MFA/2FA : Select user search filter

  • You can also configure following options while setting up AD. Enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP. Click on the Save button to add user store.
  • Amazon Web Services MFA : Activate LDAP options

    Here's the list of the attributes and what it does when we enable it. You can enable/disable accordingly.

    Attribute Description
    Activate LDAP All user authentications will be done with LDAP credentials if you Activate it
    Sync users in miniOrange Users will be created in miniOrange after authentication with LDAP
    Backup Authentication If LDAP credentials fail then user will be authenticated through miniOrange
    Allow users to change password This allows your users to change their password. It updates the new credentials in your LDAP server
    Enable administrator login On enabling this, your miniOrange Administrator login authenticates using your LDAP server
    Show IdP to users If you enable this option, this IdP will be visible to users
    Send Configured Attributes If you enable this option, then only the attributes configured below will be sent in attributes at the time of login

  • Click on Save. After this, it will show you the list of User stores. Click on Test Configuration to check whether you have enter valid details. For that, it will ask for username and password.
  • Amazon Web Services 2FA: Test AD/Ldap connection

  • On Successful connection with LDAP Server, a success message is shown.
  • Click on Test Attribute Mapping.
  • Amazon Web Services LDAP successful connection

  • Enter a valid Username. Then, click on Test. Mapped Attributes corresponding to the user are fetched.
  • Amazon Web Services MFA: Fetch mapped attributes for user

  • After successful Attribute Mapping Configuration, go back to the ldap configuration and enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP.
  • Refer our guide to setup LDAPS on windows server.

User Import and Provisioning from AD

  • Go to Settings in the Customer Admin Account.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   miniOrange dashboard

  • Enable the "Enable User Auto Registration" option and click Save.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   Enable User Auto Registration

  • (Optional) To send a welcome email to all the end users that will be imported, enable the "Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration" option and click Save.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration

  • From the Left-Side menu of the dashboard select Provisioning.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User Sync/Provisioning

  • In Setup Provisioning tab select Active Directory in the Select Application Drop Down.
  • Toggle the Import Users tab, click on Save button.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User Sync Active Directory Configuration

  • On the same section, switch to Import Users section.
  • Select Active Directory from the dropdown and click on the Import Users tab, to import all the users from Active Directory to miniOrange.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User Sync Import Operation

  • You can view all the Users you have imports by selecting Users >> User List from Left Panel.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for   User List

  • All the imported users will be auto registered.
  • These groups will be helpful in adding multiple 2FA policies on the applications.

miniOrange integrates with various external user sources such as directories, identity providers, and etc.

Not able to find your IdP or Need help setting it up?


Contact us or email us at idpsupport@xecurify.com and we'll help you setting it up in no time.




6. Adaptive Authentication with Amazon Web Services

A. Restricting access to Amazon Web Services with IP Blocking

    You can use adaptive authentication with Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO) to improve the security and functionality of Single Sign-On. You can allow a IP Address in certain range for SSO or you can deny it based your requirements and you can also challenge the user to verify his authenticity. Adaptive authentication manages the user authentication bases on different factors such as Device ID, Location, Time of Access, IP Address and many more.

    You can configure Adaptive Authentication with IP Blocking in following way:
  • Login to Self Service Console >> Adaptive Authentication.
  • Add a Policy Name for your Adaptive Authentication Policy.
  • Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authnetication policy

  • Select your Action for behaviour Change and Challenge Type for user from the Action for behaviour Change Section.
  • Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication behaviour change


    Action for behaviour Change Options :


    Attribute Description
    Allow Allow user to authenticate and use services if Adaptive authentication condition is true.
    Challenge Challenge users with one of the three methods mentioned below for verifying user authenticity.
    Deny Deny user authentications and access to services if Adaptive authentication condition is true.

    Challenge Type Options :

    Attribute Description
    User second Factor The User needs to authenticate using the second factor he has opted or assigned for such as
  • OTP over SMS
  • PUSH Notification
  • OTP over Email
  • And 12 more methods.
  • KBA (Knowledge-based authentication) The System will ask user for 2 of 3 questions he has configured in his Self Service Console. Only after right answer to both questions user is allowed to proceed further.
    OTP over Alternate Email User will receive a OTP on the alternate email he has configured threw Self Service Console. Once user provides the correct OTP he is allowed to proceed further.

  • Now Enable Enable IP Restriction option from the IP RESTRICTION CONFIGURATION section to configure custom IP range.
  • Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication ip blocking

  • Select the Action you want to perform if the IP address is out of the range. i.e. Allow, Challenge & Deny.
  • Specify the IP Address range for which you want above setting to reflect. You can add more than one IP Address ranges by clicking on following button +.
  • Scroll to the end and click on save.


B. Adaptive Authentication with Limiting number of devices.

    Using Adaptive Authentication you can also restrict the number of devices the end user can access the Services on. You can allow end users to access services on a fixed no. of devices. The end users will be able to access services provided by us on this fixed no. of devices.

    You can configure Adaptive Authentication with Device Restriction in following way

  • Login to Self Service Console >> Adaptive Authentication.
  • Add a Policy Name for your Adaptive Authentication Policy.
  • Select your Action for behaviour Change and Challenge Type for user from the Action for behaviour Change Section.
  • Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication behaviour and challenge type


  • Scroll down to Device Configuration section and enable Allow User to Register Device option to allow users to register their devices.
  • Enter the Number of Devices which are allowed to register in field next to Number of Device Registrations Allowed
  • Choose Action if number of devices exceeded (This will override your setting for Action for Behaviour Change.)
    1. Challenge: The user needs to verify himself using any of the three methods mentioned in table in step 6.1
    2. Deny : Deny users access to the system
  • Enable option Send email alerts to Users if number of Device registrations exceeded allowed count if you want to alert the user about no of devices exceeding the limit. Save the configuration.
  • Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access adaptive authentication enable device restriction


C. Add Adaptive Authentication policy to Amazon Web Services.

  • Login to Self Service Console >> Policies.
  • Click on Edit option for predefined SAML app policy.
  • Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (sso) edit device restriction policy

  • Set your application name in the Application and select password as Login Method.
  • Enable Adaptive Authentication on Policy page and select the required restriction method as an option.
  • From Select Login Policy dropdown select the policy we created in last step and click on save.
  • Amazon Web Services Single Sign-On (SSO) Restrict Access save device restriction policy

    How to add a trusted Device
    1. When End-user log in to the self service console after the policy for device restriction is on, he is provided the option to add the current device as a trusted device.

External References

Our Other Identity & Access Management Products