IT IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED THAT YOU CONTACT US FOR SETTING UP MFA FOR VPN.
Enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) for your VPN Client to increase security level.
Step 1: Choose Your User Directory
1.1: Setup AD as User Directory
- Log in to miniOrange dashboard from the Admin Console.
- From the Side Menu, Click on User Stores >> Add User Store
- Select User Store type as AD/LDAP.
- STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION IN MINIORANGE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in miniOrange. If active directory is behind a firewall, you will need to open the firewall to allow incoming requests to your AD.
- STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION ON PREMISE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in your premise and only allow access to AD inside premises. You will have to download and install miniOrange gateway in your premise.
- Enter LDAP Display Name and LDAP Identifier of your choice. Select Directory Type as Active Directory.
- Enter the LDAP Server URL or IP Address against LDAP Server URL field.
- Go to AD FS-> Domain-> respective Users -> Properties-> Attribute Editor. Now copy the value of distinguishedName and paste it against Bind Account DN.
- Enter the valid password for the user from above step.
- Search Base is the location in the directory where the search for a user begins.
- If you want to add extra conditions on user search you can add it in Search Filter. Select a suitable Search Filter from the Drop-Down. To use custom Search Filter select "Custom Search Filter" option and provide the search filter in the input field that shows up.
- You can also configure following options while setting up AD.
Here's the list of the attributes and what it does when we enable it. You can enable/disable accordingly.
||All user authentications will be done with LDAP credentials if you Activate it
|Sync users in miniOrange
||Users will be created in miniOrange after authentication with LDAP
||If LDAP credentials fail then user will be authenticated through miniOrange
|Allow users to change password
||This allows your users to change their password. It updates the new credentials in your LDAP server
|Enable administrator login
||On enabling this, your miniOrange Administrator login authenticates using your LDAP server
|Show IdP to users
||If you enable this option, this IdP will be visible to users
|Send Configured Attributes
||If you enable this option, then only the attributes configured below will be sent in attributes at the time of login
- Click on Save. After this, it will show you the list of User stores. Click on Test Configuration to check whether you have enter valid details. For that, it will ask for username and password.
- On Successful connection with LDAP Server, a success message is shown.
- Click on Test Attribute Mapping.
- Enter a valid Username. Then, click on Test. Mapped Attributes corresponding to the user are fetched.
- After successful Attribute Mapping Configuration, go back to the ldap configuration and enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP.
Refer our guide to setup LDAPS on windows server.
1.2: Setup miniOrange as a User Store
- Log in to miniOrange dashboard from the Admin Console.
- There are 3 ways to setup miniOrange as an Identity Source
Step 2: User Import and Provisioning from Active Directory
- This step involves Importing the users from the Active Directory and Provisioning them.
- Go to Settings in the Customer Admin Account.
- Enable the "Enable User Auto Registration" option and click Save.
- (Optional) To send a welcome email to all the end users that will be imported, enable the "Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration" option and click Save.
- From the Left-Side menu select Users >> User Sync/Provisioning.
- In Setup Provisioning tab select Active Directory in the Select Application Drop Down.
- Toggle the Import Users Check box and set Select User Unique Identifier as samaccountname.
- Click on Save and the click on the Import Users tab.
- Select Active Directory in the Select App to Import Users From Dropdown.
- Then click on Import to import all the users from Active Directory to miniOrange.
- You can view all the Users you have imports by selecting Users >> User List from Left Panel.
- All the imported users will be auto registered.
Step 3: Creating User Groups(Recommended)
- Select Groups >> Manage Groups from left panel.
- Click on the Create Group button on the top.
- Enter an appropriate Group Name and click on Create Group.
- In this guide we have created a Group by name VPN_Group.
- Assign various members to the group using the Assign User option associated with the group in the groups list.
- Select the Users that are required to be assigned to this group. Then Select Assign to Group in Select Action Dropdown. Then click Apply.
Step 4: Configuring 2FA two factor authentication for End-Users
- Login into your End-User Dashboard using Active Directory Credentials.
- Select Configure 2FA from left panel.
- Browse through the Second factor options and choose an appropriate method to be used by the particular End-User during login.
- In this guide, we have selected the method "OTP OVER SMS". You can explore the guide to setup other methods here.
- Click on configure/reconfigure "OTP OVER SMS".
- Enter you phone number along with the necessary country code and click on SAVE below. After the Phone details are saved successfully, click on the Save button on the top bar to set this as your 2FA method.
- To use a particular method of 2FA, we configure that method first and then select the method and click on SAVE.
- Currently used method is denoted by green color.
Step 5: Add the Radius Client in miniOrange
- Go to Apps >> Manage Apps. Click on Add Application button.
- Select Radius tab and select Radius Client.
- Configure details below to add Radius Client.
||Any name for your reference.
||IP address of VPN server which will send Radius authentication request.
For Eg. "sharedsecret"
(Keep this with you, you will need to configure same on VPN Server).
|Do not Support Challenge:
||Keep this Unchecked.
- Configure the following Policy details for the Radius App.
||Group for which the policy will apply.
||Any Identifier that specifies policy name.
||Login Method for the users associated with this policy.
|Enable 2-Factor Authentication
||Enables Second Factor during Login for users associated with this policy.
|Enable Adaptive Authentication
||Enables Adaptive Authentication for Login of users associated with this policy.
- Click on Save.
NOTE: For On-Premise version follow the below steps before testing the connectivity.
Only For On-Premise Version
Step 1: Enable the RADIUS Servlet.
- By Default, the RADIUS Server does not get started with Tomcat.
- Open the WEB.xml file from your miniOrange repository .....\mo-idp-server-3.3.0\moas\WEB_INF\web.xml.
- Search for RadiusServerInit.
- Uncomment the commented RadiusServerInit Servlet.
- Keep the port 1812 open for using RADIUS Service.
- Save and Restart Tomcat.
Step 2: Open Firewall Ports.
- In order to receive the RADIUS request, it is necessary to open UDP traffic on ports 1812 and 1813 for the machine where On-Premise IdP is deployed.
- If the hosting machine is a Windows Machine then you can follow this document.
- If the hosting machine is a Linux Machine then you can follow this document.
NOTE: If your machine is hosted on AWS, then enable the ports from the AWS panel.
Step 6: Add Another Policy (Optional)
- Here, we will configure a policy for the User Group that we created in the Step 3 and associate it with the VPN Application.
- Click on Policies tab >> App Authentication Policy.
- Click on Add Policy tab.
- In Step 1 Select the RADIUS App that we configured earlier.
- In Step 2 Select the required User Group in Group Name and enter Policy name as “<Any Name>”.
- In this guide, we will configure a Password Only policy for Open_VPN group. So, only the Open_VPN group members can access VPN Services without a Second Factor.
- Admin can change the second factor of the End user from the User List.
- Under Action Click on Select and then select Reset Second Factor.
Step 7: Add miniOrange as RADIUS Server in Fortinet FortiGate
- Login to Fortinet FortiGate Admin console for the VPN application.
- Go to User & Device >>RADIUS Servers in left navigation bar and click on Create New.
- Here you need to configure the RADIUS Server.
- Configure details below to add Radius Server.
||Appropriate name.Eg: mo-radius-server
||Click on Specify and then select PAP in the Dropdown.
| Primary Server IP / Name:
||For on-premise version: IP of server where IDP(miniOrange) is installed
For cloud version: Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org to get the IP
|Primary Server Secret
||Secret Key for the Fortinet (RADIUS) App defined in step 1
|Secondary Server IP / Name:
|Secondary Server Secret
- To Save these settings click OK.
Step 8: Test Fortinet Fortigate Connectivity
- You can now verify the connectivity by clicking on Test Connectivity.
Step 9: Create a User Group in Fortinet Fortigate
- NOTE: If you have a existing User Group then just add miniOrange Radius Server as the Remote Server. If not, then follow the below steps.
- Select User & Device >> User >> User Groups.
- To Create New group, Click on Create New.
- Select Firewall in Type. Click on Add in the Remote Group Section and select miniOrange Radius Server as the Remote Server.
- Click on Ok.
Step 10: Set Up VPN in Fortigate Admin Console.
- Create a IPSec Tunnel using IPSec Wizard if you have no Tunnel Configured. Click Here to learn more.
- Select VPN >> IPSec Tunnels and select the IPSec Tunnel you have configured.
- Click on Convert To Custom Tunnel if the tunnel is not Custom Tunnel.
- Click on Edit button for XAuth section.
- Select PAP Server in the Type Dropdown.
- Select the User Group configured in Step 4 in User Group Dropdown.
- Click on Ok.
- Firstly setup a SSL-VPN . Click here for more information.
- Navigate to Policy & Objects >> IPV4 Policy.
NOTE: In some cases, there will only Firewall Policy option instead of IPV4 Policy
- Create/Edit the policy related to your SSL-VPN interface.
- Edit the Source, add the required address space and the Group that we configured in Step 9.
- Click OK to apply and save the settings.
- Next, we will define Authentication/Portal Mapping.
- Navigate to VPN >> SSL-VPN Settings, and then go to the Authentication/Portal Mapping section
- Create a new or edit an existing mapping to grant access to the Firewall User Group that we created in Step 9.
- Click Apply and save the settings.
Step 11: Configure the Fortinet timeout with miniOrange RADIUS server
- Fortinet default timeout is 5 Seconds, which is insufficient while setting up MFA. We have to reconfigure the timeout to 30 Seconds.
- So connect to the appliance CLI.
- And execute below commands in command line:
#config system global
#set remoteauthtimeout 30
Step 12: Test miniOrange 2FA setup for Fortinet VPN Login
- Login to Fortinet and enter Username and Password.
- It will prompt for a Second Factor Code if you have Enabled 2-Factor Authentication in miniOrange Policy.
- Enter your 2-Factor Code and you should be connected to the VPN.
- NOTE: While configuring IPSec VPN connection in FortiClient make sure to use the Pre-Shared key of the IPSec Tunnel that was created LAST.
Fortinet has issues if multiple IPSec Tunnels are present at FortiGate Server.
- On passing the valid credentials you can see the screen below:
- If you enter an incorrect value you will be redirected to the below screen.
For Further Details: