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Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA/2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect


miniOrange integrates with Cisco Anyconnect VPN easily with a few steps to provide an additional layer of security. You can configure MFA on your anyconnect VPN within minutes. With a hybrid working culture, you can enable a secure remote access environment with multifactor authentication for your organization.

Cisco AnyConnect is a uniform security endpoint agent which delivers multiple security services to protect the enterprise.You can enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) for your Cisco AnyConnect Managed AD directory to increase security level. When you enable 2FA, your users enter their username and password (first factor) as usual, and they have to enter an authentication code (the second factor), for which they can use Google Authenticator, Microsoft Authenticator, OTP over SMS/Email , Push Notification, and many more. This 2FA/MFA solution adds an additional security measure to prevent unwanted users from getting access and provides secure, seamless remote access connection to Cisco AnyConnect VPN.


Cisco AnyConnect VPN 2FA two-factor authentication: Login to Cisco ASA-login experience

Types of 2FA Authentication with RADIUS

    Depending on the VPN client, 2-factor authentication can take two forms..

  • VPN Clients that support RADIUS Challenge.
  • VPN Clients that do not support RADIUS Challenge.

What are different 2FA/MFA methods for Cisco AnyConnect VPN supported by miniOrange?

You can opt for any of the 2FA methods to secure your Cisco AnyConnect VPN. To integrate 2FA, you can enable RADIUS authentication in Cisco AnyConnect VPN and configure policies in miniOrange to enable or disable 2FA for users.

miniOrange supports multiple 2FA/MFA authentication methods for Cisco AnyConnect VPN secure access such as, Push Notification, Soft Token, Microsoft / Google Authenticator etc.

Authentication TypeMethodSupported
miniOrange Authenticator Soft Token
miniOrange Push Notification
Mobile Token Google Authenticator
Microsoft Authenticator
Authy Authenticator
SMSOTP Over SMS
SMS with Link
EmailOTP Over Email
Email with Link
Call VerificationOTP Over Call
Hardware Token Yubikey Hardware Token
Display Hardware Token

miniOrange 2FA authentication for Cisco AnyConnect VPN Login

miniOrange accomplishes this by acting as a RADIUS server that accepts the username/password of the user entered as a RADIUS request and validates the user against the user store as Active Directory (AD). After the first level of authentication, miniOrange prompts the user with 2-factor authentication and either grants/revokes access based on the input by the user.


MFA 2FA Two-Factor authentication for Fortinet

  1. Primary authentication initiates with the user submitting his Username and Password for Cisco AnyConnect VPN.
  2. User request acts as an authentication request to RADIUS Server(miniOrange).
  3. miniOrange RADIUS server passes user credentials to validate against the credentials stored in AD (Active Directory) / Database.
  4. Once the user's first level of authentication gets validated AD sends the confirmation to RADIUS Server.
  5. Now miniOrange RADIUS Server asks for a 2-factor authentication challenge to the user.
  6. Here user submits the response/code which he receives on his hardware/phone.
  7. User response is checked at miniOrange’s RADIUS Server side.
  8. On successfull 2nd factor authentication the user is granted access to login.

Connect with any External Directories


miniOrange provides user authentication from various external directories such as miniOrange Directory, Microsoft AD, Azure Active Directory/LDAP, AWS Cognito and many more.

Can't find your Directory? Contact us on idpsupport@xecurify.com



Get Free Installation Help - Book a Slot


miniOrange offers free help through a consultation call with our System Engineers to Install or Setup Two-Factor Authentication for Cisco AnyConnect VPN solution in your environment with 30-day trial.

For this, you need to just send us an email at idpsupport@xecurify.com to book a slot and we'll help you setting it up in no time.



Enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)/MFA for Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client to extend security level.

1. Add the Radius Client in miniOrange

  • Login into miniOrange Admin Console.
  • Click on Customization in the left menu of the dashboard.
  • In Basic Settings, set the Organization Name as the custom_domain name.
  • Click Save. Once that is set, the branded login URL would be of the format https://<custom_domain>.xecurify.com/moas/login
  • 2FA Two-Factor authentication for Cisco AnyConnect VPN : setting up branding

  • Go to Apps Click on Add Application button.
  • Add Cisco AnyConnect VPN Radius Application

  • Choose RADIUS as Application type and click on Create App button.
  • 2FA Two-Factor authentication for Cisco AnyConnect VPN : Create Radius Application

  • Click on Cisco AnyConnect VPN application tab. If you don't find your application click on Radius Client application tab.
  • 2FA Two-Factor radauthentication for Cisco AnyConnect VPN : Select your Radius Client

  • Configure the below details to add Radius Client.
  • Client Name: Any name for your reference.
    Client IP: IP address of VPN server which will send Radius authentication request.
    Shared Secret: Security key.
    For Eg. "sharedsecret"
    (Keep this with you, you will need to configure same on VPN Server).
    Include Password & OTP in same Request Check this option for clients which takes password and the OTP in same request. Otherwise keep it unchecked.
    Send Groups in Response Enable this to send user groups as Vendor-Specific Group Attributes.
  • You can refer the table below for Vendor group attributes id.
    Vendor NameGroup AttributeVendor IDVendor Attribute ID
    Cisco ASA VPN26 Vendor-Specific307625
    Fortinet VPN26 Vendor-Specific123561
    Palo Alto VPN26 Vendor-Specific254615
    SonicWall VPN26 Vendor-Specific87413
    Citrix VPN26 Vendor-Specific6616
  • Configure the following Policy details for the Radius Client.
  • Group Name: Group for which the policy will apply.
    Policy Name: Any Identifier that specifies policy name.
    Login Method Login Method for the users associated with this policy.
    Enable 2-Factor Authentication Enables Second Factor during Login for users associated with this policy.
    Enable Adaptive Authentication Enables Adaptive Authentication for Login of users associated with this policy.
  • After configuring the given above details, Click on Save button.
  • Configure Cisco AnyConnect VPN App for 2FA Two-Factor Authentication


  • Copy and save the Radius server IPs which will be required to configure your Radius client.
  • MFA 2FA two-factor authentication for Cisco AnyConnect VPN: RADIUS Server IPs

    NOTE: For On-Premise version follow the below steps before testing the connectivity.

    Only For On-Premise Version

    Open Firewall Ports.

  • In order to receive the RADIUS request, it is necessary to open UDP traffic on ports 1812 and 1813 for the machine where On-Premise IdP is deployed.
  • If the hosting machine is a Windows Machine then you can follow this document.
  • If the hosting machine is a Linux Machine then you can follow this document.

  • NOTE: If your machine is hosted on AWS, then enable the ports from the AWS panel.

2. Configure Cisco AnyConnect VPN

  • Login to Cisco ASA via ASDM.
  • Navigate to Configuration >>> Remote Access VPN
  • In the Remote Access VPN navigation tree, under AAA/Local Users click AAA Server Groups >>> Add.
  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN MFA/2FA two-factor authentication: Login to Cisco ASA

  • The Add AAA Server Group dialog box opens.
  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN MFA/2FA two-factor authentication: Add AAA Server Group

  • Enter a name for the AAA server group and set the Protocol to RADIUS.
  • Property Explanation
    Accounting Mode Indicates how accounting messages are sent. Recommended single mode.
    Reactivation Mode Specifies the method by which failed servers are reactivated.
    Dead Time Time for which a RADIUS server is skipped over by transaction requests
    Max Failed Attempts Maximum number of retransmission attempts. Recommended 1.
  • In the AAA Server Groups pane, select the server group that you just created.
  • In the Servers in the Selected Group pane, click Add.
  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN MFA/2FA two-factor authentication: Select Server Group

  • The Add AAA Server dialog box opens
  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN MFA/2FA two-factor authentication: Radius client aaa server

    Property Explanation Example
    Interface Name Name of protected Cisco interface. inside
    Server IP For on-premise version: IP of server where IDP(miniOrange) is installed
    For cloud version: Use the Radius Server IPs which you got from Step1.
    Timeout Authentication timeout. 60
    Server Authentication Port RADIUS authentication port. It should be 1812
    Server Accounting Port RADIUS accounting port It should be 1813
    Retry Interval Length of time between retries 30
    Server Secret Key It shared between the miniOrange RADIUS Connector and its client "sharedsecret"
    Microsoft CHAPv2 Capable Whether or not the RADIUS server uses CHAPv2. It should be unchecked
  • Navigate to Configuration >> Clientless SSL VPN Access >> Connection Profiles.
  • From Connection Profiles, click Add or Edit.
  • The Add Clientless SSL VPN Connection Profile dialog box opens.
  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN MFA/2FA two-factor authentication:  Radius client web vpngroup

  • Add a relevant server name and choose Authnetication method to be "AAA".
  • For the AAA Server Group select group made in the earlier steps.
  • Click on Ok .

3. Configure VPN Network Client Profile


  • Navigate to Configuration >>> Remote Access VPN
  • In the Remote Access VPN navigation tree, under Network (Client) Access click on AnyConnect Client Profile.
  • Click to Add a new or Edit an existing Client Profile.

  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN MFA/2FA two-factor authentication: Radius client profile


  • Configure the profile as preferred
  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN 2FA two-factor authentication radius client auto reconnect


  • In the sidebar, click on Preferences(Cont)/Preferences(Part 2) and scroll down then enter 60 for Authentication Timeout Values (or 10 seconds longer than the AAA RADIUS server timeout and 20 seconds longer than the LoginTC RADIUS Connector Request Timeout)
  • .
    Cisco AnyConnect VPN 2FA two-factor authentication radius client : Timeout values

  • Click on Ok .
  • In the sidebar, click on Server List >> Add to add a server.

  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN 2FA two-factor authentication radius client : add profile

  • Enter the FQDN of your Cisco ASA VPN exposed end-point in the Hostname and a hostname or IP Address in the Host Address then click on ok .
  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN 2FA two-factor authentication radius client : server filling

  • Click on Apply.
x

4. Configure Your User Directory (Optional)

miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Okta, Shibboleth, Ping, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more. You can configure your existing directory/user store or add users in miniOrange.



Configure your existing directories such as Microsoft Active Directory, Azure, OpenLDAP, etc.

  • Click on External Directories >> Add Directory in the left menu of the dashboard.
  •  2FA: Configure User Store

  • Select Directory type as AD/LDAP.
  •  2FA: Select AD/LDAP as user store

    1. STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION IN MINIORANGE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in miniOrange. If active directory is behind a firewall, you will need to open the firewall to allow incoming requests to your AD.
    2. STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION ON PREMISE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in your premise and only allow access to AD inside premises. You will have to download and install miniOrange gateway in your premise.
    3.  Two-Factor Authentication : Select ad/ldap user store type

  • Enter LDAP Display Name and LDAP Identifier name.
  • Select Directory Type as Active Directory.
  • Enter the LDAP Server URL or IP Address against LDAP Server URL field.
  • Click on Test Connection button to verify if you have made a successful connection with your LDAP server.
  •  MFA/2FA: Configure LDAP server URL Connection

  • In Active Directory, go to the properties of user containers/OU's and search for Distinguished Name attribute.
  •  MFA: Configure user bind account domain name

  • Enter the valid Bind account Password.
  • Click on Test Bind Account Credentials button to verify your LDAP Bind credentials for LDAP connection.
  •  MFA: Check bind account credentials

  • Search Base is the location in the directory where the search for a user begins. You will get this from the same place you got your Distinguished name.
  •  2FA : Configure user search base

  • Select a suitable Search filter from the drop down menu. To use custom Search Filter select "Write your Custom Filter" option and customize it accordingly.
  •  MFA/2FA : Select user search filter

  • You can also configure following options while setting up AD. Enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP. Click on the Save button to add user store.
  •  MFA : Activate LDAP options

    Here's the list of the attributes and what it does when we enable it. You can enable/disable accordingly.

    Attribute Description
    Activate LDAP All user authentications will be done with LDAP credentials if you Activate it
    Sync users in miniOrange Users will be created in miniOrange after authentication with LDAP
    Fallback Authentication If LDAP credentials fail then user will be authenticated through miniOrange
    Allow users to change password This allows your users to change their password. It updates the new credentials in your LDAP server
    Enable administrator login On enabling this, your miniOrange Administrator login authenticates using your LDAP server
    Show IdP to users If you enable this option, this IdP will be visible to users
    Send Configured Attributes If you enable this option, then only the attributes configured below will be sent in attributes at the time of login

  • Click on Save. After this, it will show you the list of User stores. Click on Test Connection to check whether you have enter valid details. For that, it will ask for username and password.
  •  2FA: Test AD/Ldap connection

  • On Successful connection with LDAP Server, a success message is shown.
  • Click on Test Attribute Mapping.
  •  LDAP successful connection

  • Enter a valid Username. Then, click on Test. Mapped Attributes corresponding to the user are fetched.
  •  MFA: Fetch mapped attributes for user

  • After successful Attribute Mapping Configuration, go back to the ldap configuration and enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP.
  • Refer our guide to setup LDAPS on windows server.

User Import and Provisioning from AD



Note: Below steps are used to enable one time or manual sync. To enable sync on scheduled basis, you should use LDAP gateway module. Read more and download the LDAP gateway module.


  • Go to Settings >> Product Settings in the Customer Admin Account.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  miniOrange dashboard

  • Enable the "Enable User Auto Registration" option and click Save.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  Enable User Auto Registration

  • (Optional) To send a welcome email to all the end users that will be imported, enable the "Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration" option and click Save.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration

  • From the Left-Side menu of the dashboard select Provisioning.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  User Sync/Provisioning

  • In Setup Provisioning tab select Active Directory in the Select Application Drop Down.
  • Toggle the Import Users tab, click on Save button.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  User Sync Active Directory Configuration

  • On the same section, switch to Import Users section.
  • Select Active Directory from the dropdown and click on the Import Users tab, to import all the users from Active Directory to miniOrange.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  User Sync Import Operation

  • You can view all the Users you have imports by selecting Users >> User List from Left Panel.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  User List

  • All the imported users will be auto registered.
  • These groups will be helpful in adding multiple 2FA policies on the applications.
  • To add your users in miniOrange there are 2 ways:
  • 1. Create User in miniOrange

    • Click on Users >> User List >> Add User.
    •  VPN 2FA : Add user in miniOrange

    • Here, fill the user details without the password and then click on the Create User button.
    •  MFA: Add user details

    • After successful user creation a notification message "An end user is added successfully" will be displayed at the top of the dashboard.
    •  Two-Factor Authentication: Add user details

    • Click on On Boarding Status tab. Check the email, with the registered e-mail id and select action Send Activation Mail with Password Reset Link from Select Action dropdown list and then click on Apply button.
    •  2FA: Select email action

    • Now, Open your email id. Open the mail you get from miniOrange and then click on the link to set your account password.
    • On the next screen, enter the password and confirm password and then click on the Single Sign-On (SSO) reset password button.
    •  Multi-Factor Authentication: Reset user password
    • Now, you can log in into miniOrange account by entering your credentials.

    2. Bulk Upload Users in miniOrange via Uploading CSV File.

    • Navigate to Users >> User List. Click on Add User button.
    •  2FA: Add users via bulk upload

    • In Bulk User Registration Download sample csv format from our console and edit this csv file according to the instructions.
    •  Two-Factor authentication: Download sample csv file

    • To bulk upload users, choose the file make sure it is in comma separated .csv file format then click on Upload.
    •  2FA : Bulk upload user

    • After uploading the csv file successfully, you will see a success message with a link.
    • Click on that link you will see list of users to send activation mail. Select users to send activation mail and click on Send Activation Mail. An activation mail will be sent to the selected users.

6. Creating User Groups (Recommended)


  • This step involves Importing the user group from the Active Directory and Provisioning them.
  • Go to Provisioning. Switch to Setup Provisioning tab and select Active Directory from Dropdown menu.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN : Select Active Directory (AD)

  • Select Group Provisioning/Deprovisioning tab, and toggle on Import Group option.
  • Enter the Base DN for group sync and click Save.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN : Enter BaseDN

  • If you want to dynamically allocate users to the groups present in the miniOrange, then enable "Assign Users to groups"
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN : Switch on import Group

  • Now switch to Import Groups option and select Active Directory from which you want to import your users.
  • Finally, click on Import button. Your group will be imported.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN : User group imported successfully

    (The Active Directory Group Provisioning (Sync) setup is done. Now, whenever a user is created or modified in LDAP server and if the Assign Users to groups is enabled, then user group attribute from the LDAP server will be automatically synced and the user group will be assigned or changed accordingly in miniOrange.)

  • Select Groups >> Manage Groups from left panel.
  • Click on the Create Group button on the top.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  Manage Groups

  • Enter an appropriate Group Name and click on Create Group.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  Create Groups

  • In this guide we have created a Group by name VPN_Group.
  • Assign various members to the group using the Assign User option associated with the group in the groups list.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  User Assign

  • Select the Users that are required to be assigned to this group. Then Select Assign to Group in Select Action Dropdown and click on Apply button.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  Assignment to Group

  • These groups will be helpful in adding multiple 2FA policies on the applications.

7. Configure 2FA/MFA for End-Users

  • To enable 2FA/MFA for Cisco AnyConnect VPN endusers, go to 2-Factor Authentication >> 2FA Options For EndUsers.
  • Select default Two-Factor authentication method for end users. Also, you can select particular 2FA methods, which you want to show on the end users dashboard.
  • Once Done with the settings, click on Save to configure your 2FA settings.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  Configure 2FA Panel

  • Login into your End-User Dashboard using end user login URL.
    • For Cloud Version: The login URL (branding url) which you have set in Step 1
    • For On-Premise version: The login URL will be the same as of Admin Login URL.
  • Select Setup 2FA from left panel. (Browse through the Second factor options and choose an appropriate method to be used by the particular End-User during login.)
  • For now, we have selected the SMS >> OTP OVER SMS as our 2FA method. You can explore the guide to setup other 2FA methods here.
  • Enable the OTP over SMS if you have your phone number added under your profile section else click on Edit button.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  Configure 2FA Panel

  • Enter you Phone Number along with the necessary country code and click on the SAVE button.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  Configure Second Factor-SMS(Enter Mobile Number)

  • Admin can change the second factor of the End user from the User List.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN: User list in miniOrange

  • Under Action Click on Select and then select Reset Second Factor.
  • MFA/2FA Two-Factor authentication for Cisco AnyConnect VPN: User list(Reset second factor)

8. Add Another Policy (Optional)

  • Here, we will configure a policy for the User Group that we created in the Step 6 and associate it with the Cisco AnyConnect VPN VPN Application.
  • Click on Policies tab >> App Login Policy.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  App Authentication Policy

  • Click on Add Policy tab.
  • In Application section, select the RADIUS App that we configured earlier in Step 1.
  • Select the required User Group in Group Name and enter the Policy name.
  • In this guide, we will configure a Password Only policy for "VPN_Group", so that only the VPN_Group members can access VPN Services without a Second Factor.
  • Once done with the policy settings, click on Save to Add Policy.
  • MFA/Two-Factor Authentication(2FA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN  App Add Policy

9. Test 2FA for Cisco AnyConnect Login


  • Connect to Cisco Cisco AnyConnect.
  • Enter Username, Password and 2FA code.
  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN 2FA two-factor authentication: Login Page

With the help of this guide you will be able to configure Two-Factor Authentication (2FA/MFA) for Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client Login.


10. Troubleshooting

  • Login to miniOrange Admin Dashboard.
  • Click on Reports >> Radius User Authentication Report.
  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN 2FA two-factor authentication: Authentication Reports

  • Enter Enduser Identifier and Date range.
  • Click on Search.
  • Cisco AnyConnect VPN 2FA two-factor authentication: Enduser Authentication Logs

    Cisco AnyConnect VPN MFA/2FA two-factor authentication: Connecction error

  • Click on this link to get the solutions for resolving the above error message.

Further References



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