Z-Scaler Single Sign-On SSO
miniOrange provides a ready to use solution for Z-Scaler. This solution ensures that you are ready to roll out secure access to Z-Scaler to your employees within minutes. miniOrange provides secure access to Z-Scaler for enterprises and full control over access to the application. Single Sign-On (SSO) into Z-Scaler with one set of login credentials.
miniOrange and Z-Scaler Single Sign-On (SSO) integration supports the following features:
- SP Initiated Single Sign-On (SSO)
- IdP Initiated Single Sign-On (SSO)
Connect with External Source of Users
miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Shibboleth, Ping, Okta, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more.
Follow the Step-by-Step Guide given below for Z-Scaler Single Sign-On (SSO)
1. Configure Z-Scaler in miniOrange
- Login into miniOrange Admin Console.
- Go to Apps and click on Add Application button.
- In Choose Application Type click on SAML/WS-FED application type.
- Search for Z-Scaler in the list, if you don't find Z-Scaler in the list then, search for custom and you can set up your application via Custom SAML App.
- Enter the following values in the respective fields.
SP Entity ID or Issuer:
||<Zscaler Cloud Name>
||https://login.<Zscaler Cloud Name>:443/sfc_sso
- Click Next, now in the Attribute Mapping configure the following attributes as shown in the image below.
- To upload respective app logo for a Custom SAML App, click on Upload Logo tab.
- Click on Save.
- Your application is saved successfully. Now click on the Select button against your newly created application. Go to Metadata.
- On the Metadata page -
1. If you want to use miniOrange as User-Store i.e., your user identities will be stored in miniOrange then download the metadata file under the heading 'INFORMATION REQUIRED TO SET MINIORANGE AS IDP'.
2. If you want to authenticate your users via any external Identity Provider like Active Directory, Okta, OneLogin, Google, Apple ID, etc then download the Metadata file under the heading 'INFORMATION REQUIRED TO AUTHENTICATE VIA EXTERNAL IDPS'.
- Then click on Download Metadata.
2. Configure SSO in Z-Scaler
- Go to Administration → Authentication Settings.
- Click the Identity Providers tab.
- Click Add IdP.
- In the Add IdP window:
- Name: Enter a name for the IdP.
- Status: Enable or Disable the IdP.
- SAML Portal URL: Enter the SSO URL of the SAML portal to which users are sent for authentication. Ensure that it is publicly resolvable if you want users to authenticate from the Internet. Additionally, ensure that it's protected using HTTPS. This information is in the XML metadata of the IdP or obtained during the configuration.
- Login Name Attribute: Enter the SAML attribute that maps to the login name that users enter when they authenticate to the zscaler service. Typically, it's NameID, which is entered as one word, with no spaces. This field is case-sensitive.
- Entity ID: The entity ID is the globally unique name for this SAML entity.
- Org-Specific Entity ID: Enable if you have more than one organization instance on the same zscaler cloud. For example, if you have two organization instances on the same zscaler cloud and must authenticate both instances against the same Azure AD account, you can't use the same entity ID for multiple apps in Azure AD. For this situation, you must enable this setting for both instances to generate a unique organization-specific entity ID.
- IdP SAML Certificate: Upload the SAML certificate that is used to verify the digital signature of the IdP. This is the certificate you downloaded from your IdP. The certificate must be in base-64 encoded PEM format. The file extension must be .pem and have no other periods (.) in the file name.
- IdP SAML Certificate Expiration Date: Displays the expiration date for the SAML certificate of the IdP. You will see this field if the certificate is about to expire or has expired. A Caution icon appears if the certificate expires within 30 days.
- Vendor: Choose the vendor of the IdP.
- Default IdP: Displays if this IdP is Enabled or Disabled as the default IdP. You can only have one default IdP. The first IdP added will be the default IdP. Any additional IdPs will be Disabled as the default, and you won't be able to modify this field.
- Locations: Select the locations to map to this IdP. You can also search for a location. Any unselected locations will be mapped to the default IdP. This field is set to Any for the default IdP, and you can't modify it.
- Authentication Domains: Select the domains to map to this IdP. This allows the zscaler service to display the correct IdP to authenticate an incoming user. Any unselected domains will be mapped to the default IdP. This field is set to Any for the default IdP, and you can't modify it. Apart from the default IdP, any additional IdPs must be mapped to at least one domain.
- Sign SAML Request: Enable if the IdP expects the SAML request to be signed. The following fields will appear:
- Signature Algorithm: Choose whether to sign the SAML request with a SHA-1 (160-bit) hashing algorithm or with a SHA-2 (256-bit) hashing algorithm. If you are reconfiguring SAML because the certificate expired, zscaler recommends that you select the certificate with the later expiration date.
- Request Signing SAML Certificate: Choose which certificate you want to use for signing SAML requests. Zscaler recommends choosing the one with the longest validation period.
- SP SAML Certificate Expiration Date: Displays the expiration date for the SAML certificate of Zscaler, your SP. You will see this field if the certificate is about to expire or has expired. A Caution icon appears if the certificate expires within 30 days.
- SP SAML Certificate: Download the Zscaler certificate that you will upload to your IdP when you configure it.
- SP Metadata: Download the metadata of the Zscaler service. The metadata advertises the Zscaler SAML capabilities and is used for auto-configuration.
- Click Save to exit the window.
- Go to Administration > Authentication Settings.
- Under Authentication Frequency, choose how often users are required to authenticate to the Zscaler service. If you select Custom, the following field will appear:
- Custom Authentication Frequency (days): Specify 1 to 180 days.
- Under Authentication Type, choose SAML.
- Click Save .
- Hover over the Activation menu near the bottom left and click on Activate.
3. Test SSO Configuration
Test SSO login to your Z-Scaler account with miniOrange IdP:
4. Configure Your User Directory (Optional)
miniOrange provides user authentication from various external sources, which can be Directories (like ADFS, Microsoft Active Directory, Azure AD, OpenLDAP, Google, AWS Cognito etc), Identity Providers (like Okta, Shibboleth, Ping, OneLogin, KeyCloak), Databases (like MySQL, Maria DB, PostgreSQL) and many more. You can configure your existing directory/user store or add users in miniOrange.
- Click on External Directories >> Add Directory in the left menu of the dashboard.
- Select Directory type as AD/LDAP.
Enter LDAP Display Name and LDAP Identifier name.
Select Directory Type as Active Directory.
Enter the LDAP Server URL or IP Address against LDAP Server URL field.
Click on Test Connection button to verify if you have made a successful connection with your LDAP server.
- STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION IN MINIORANGE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in miniOrange. If active directory is behind a firewall, you will need to open the firewall to allow incoming requests to your AD.
- STORE LDAP CONFIGURATION ON PREMISE: Choose this option if you want to keep your configuration in your premise and only allow access to AD inside premises. You will have to download and install miniOrange gateway in your premise.
In Active Directory, go to the properties of user containers/OU's and search for Distinguished Name attribute.
Enter the valid Bind account Password.
Click on Test Bind Account Credentials button to verify your LDAP Bind credentials for LDAP connection.
Search Base is the location in the directory where the search for a user begins. You will get this from the same place you got your Distinguished name.
Select a suitable Search filter from the drop down menu. To use custom Search Filter select "Write your Custom Filter" option and customize it accordingly.
You can also configure following options while setting up AD. Enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP. Click on the Save button to add user store.
Here's the list of the attributes and what it does when we enable it. You can enable/disable accordingly.
||All user authentications will be done with LDAP credentials if you Activate it
|Sync users in miniOrange
||Users will be created in miniOrange after authentication with LDAP
||If LDAP credentials fail then user will be authenticated through miniOrange
|Allow users to change password
||This allows your users to change their password. It updates the new credentials in your LDAP server
|Enable administrator login
||On enabling this, your miniOrange Administrator login authenticates using your LDAP server
|Show IdP to users
||If you enable this option, this IdP will be visible to users
|Send Configured Attributes
||If you enable this option, then only the attributes configured below will be sent in attributes at the time of login
Click on Save. After this, it will show you the list of User stores. Click on Test Connection to check whether you have enter valid details. For that, it will ask for username and password.
On Successful connection with LDAP Server, a success message is shown.
Click on Test Attribute Mapping.
Enter a valid Username. Then, click on Test. Mapped Attributes corresponding to the user are fetched.
After successful Attribute Mapping Configuration, go back to the ldap configuration and enable Activate LDAP in order to authenticate users from AD/LDAP.
Refer our guide to setup LDAPS on windows server.
User Import and Provisioning from AD
- Go to Settings >> Product Settings in the Customer Admin Account.
- Enable the "Enable User Auto Registration" option and click Save.
- (Optional) To send a welcome email to all the end users that will be imported, enable the "Enable sending Welcome Emails after user registration" option and click Save.
- From the Left-Side menu of the dashboard select Provisioning.
- In Setup Provisioning tab select Active Directory in the Select Application Drop Down.
- Toggle the Import Users tab, click on Save button.
- On the same section, switch to Import Users section.
- Select Active Directory from the dropdown and click on the Import Users tab, to import all the users from Active Directory to miniOrange.
- You can view all the Users you have imports by selecting Users >> User List from Left Panel.
- All the imported users will be auto registered.
- These groups will be helpful in adding multiple 2FA policies on the applications.
miniOrange integrates with various external user sources such as directories, identity providers, and etc.
5. Adaptive Authentication with Z-Scaler
A. Restricting access to Z-Scaler with IP Blocking
B. Adaptive Authentication with Limiting number of devices.
Using Adaptive Authentication you can also restrict the number of devices the end user can access the Services on. You can allow end users to access services on a fixed no. of devices. The end users will be able to access services provided by us on this fixed no. of devices.
You can configure Adaptive Authentication with Device Restriction in following way
- Login to Self Service Console >> Adaptive Authentication.
- Add a Policy Name for your Adaptive Authentication Policy.
- Select your Action for behaviour Change and Challenge Type for user from the Action for behaviour Change Section.
- Scroll down to Device Configuration section and enable Allow User to Register Device option to allow users to register their devices.
- Enter the Number of Devices which are allowed to register in field next to Number of Device Registrations Allowed
- Choose Action if number of devices exceeded (This will override your setting for Action for Behaviour Change.)
Enable option Send email alerts to Users if number of Device registrations exceeded allowed count if you want to alert the user about no of devices exceeding the limit. Save the configuration.
- Challenge: The user needs to verify himself using any of the three methods mentioned in table in step 5.1
- Deny : Deny users access to the system
C. Add Adaptive Authentication policy to Z-Scaler.
- Login to Self Service Console >> Policies.
- Click on Edit option for predefined app policy.
- Set your application name in the Application and select password as Login Method.
- Enable Adaptive Authentication on Policy page and select the required restriction method as an option.
- From Select Login Policy dropdown select the policy we created in last step and click on save.
D.Notification and Alert Message.
How to add a trusted Device
- When End-user log in to the self service console after the policy for device restriction is on, he is provided the option to add the current device as a trusted device.